Article (Scientific journals)
Activation of the orphan G protein-coupled receptor GPR27 by surrogate ligands promotes β-arrestin 2 recruitment
Dupuis, Nadine; Laschet, Céline; Franssen, Delphine et al.
2017In Molecular Pharmacology, 91 (6), p. 595-608
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Keywords :
GPCR; Orphan GPCR; GPR27; Arrestin; Insulin; Screening; Surrogate agonist; small molecules; G Protein; Orphan; Luciferase
Abstract :
[en] G protein-coupled receptors are the most important drug targets for human diseases. An important number of them remain devoid of confirmed ligands. GPR27 is one of these orphan receptors, characterized by a high level of conservation among vertebrates and a predominant expression in the central nervous system. In addition, it has recently been linked to insulin secretion. However, the absence of endogenous or surrogate ligands for GPR27 complicates the examination of its biological function. Our aim was to validate GPR27 signaling pathways and therefore we sought to screen a diversity oriented synthesis library to identify GPR27-specific surrogate agonists. In order to select an optimal screening assay, we investigated GPR27 ligand-independent activity. Both in G protein-mediated pathways and in β-arrestin 2 recruitment, no ligand-independent activity could be measured. However, we observed a recruitment of β-arrestin 2 to a GPR27V2 chimera in the presence of membrane-anchored β-adrenergic receptor kinase 1 (GRK2). Therefore, we optimized a firefly luciferase complementation assay to screen against this chimeric receptor. We identified two compounds (N-[4-(anilinocarbonyl)phenyl]-2,4-dichlorobenzamide (ChemBridge ID5128535) and 2,4-dichloro-N-{4-[(1,3-thiazol-2-ylamino)sulfonyl]phenyl}benzamide (ChemBridge ID5217941)) sharing a N-phenyl-2,4-dichlorobenzamide scaffold, which were selective for GPR27 over its closely related family members GPR85 and GPR173. The specificity of the activity was confirmed with a NanoBiT® β-arrestin 2 assay, imaging of GFP-tagged β-arrestin 2 and PathHunter® β-arrestin 2 Assay. Interestingly, no G protein activation was detected upon activation of GPR27 by these compounds. Our study provides the first selective surrogate agonists for the orphan GPR27.
Disciplines :
Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Pharmacy, pharmacology & toxicology
Author, co-author :
Dupuis, Nadine ;  Université de Liège > Département de pharmacie > Chimie pharmaceutique
Laschet, Céline ;  Université de Liège > Département de pharmacie > Chimie pharmaceutique
Franssen, Delphine ;  Université de Liège > R&D Direction : Chercheurs ULiège en mobilité
Martyna, Szpakowska
Gilissen, Julie
Geubelle, Pierre
Soni, Arvind ;  Université de Liège > Département de pharmacie > Chimie pharmaceutique
Parent, Anne-Simone ;  Université de Liège > Département des sciences cliniques > Pédiatrie
Pirotte, Bernard ;  Université de Liège > Département de pharmacie > Chimie pharmaceutique
Chevigné, Andy
Twizere, Jean-Claude  ;  Université de Liège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Biologie cell. et moléc.
Hanson, Julien  ;  Université de Liège > Département de pharmacie > Chimie pharmaceutique
Language :
English
Title :
Activation of the orphan G protein-coupled receptor GPR27 by surrogate ligands promotes β-arrestin 2 recruitment
Publication date :
01 June 2017
Journal title :
Molecular Pharmacology
ISSN :
0026-895X
eISSN :
1521-0111
Publisher :
American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Bethesda, United States - Maryland
Volume :
91
Issue :
6
Pages :
595-608
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
F.R.S.-FNRS - Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique [BE]
Available on ORBi :
since 16 March 2017

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