Reference : Experimental tests and numerical modelling on eight slender steel columns under incr...
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Experimental tests and numerical modelling on eight slender steel columns under increasing temperatures
Franssen, Jean-Marc mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département ArGEnCo > Ingénierie du feu >]
Zhao, Bin [CTICM > > > >]
Gernay, Thomas mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département ArGEnCo > Ingénierie du feu >]
Progress on Safety of Structures in Fire
Li, G.Q. mailto
Jiang, S.C.
Chen, Suwen
Kodur, Venkatesh mailto
Jiang, J.
Lou, G.B.
Tongji University Press
8th International Conference "Structures in Fire"
From 11 to 13 June 2014
Tongji University
[en] Fire resistance ; steel ; column ; test ; class 4 ; modelling
[en] In order to fill the lack of knowledge about slender elements behavior at elevated temperatures, a European research project called FIDESC4 has been funded by the RFCS. This project involves experimental testing, parametric numerical analyses and development of simple design rules. The present paper reports the characteristics and the results of the FIDESC4 experimental test campaign performed at the University of Liege on slender steel columns at elevated temperatures.
A total of eight columns have been tested, all of them with I shape section. Six columns were made of welded sections (some prismatic and some tapered members) and two columns were with hot rolled sections.
The nominal length of the columns was 3 meters with the whole length being heated.
The strength of the material (webs and flanges) was measured on sample before the tests. The order of magnitude of the initial geometrical imperfections was recorded.
The columns were not restrained against longitudinal thermal elongation. The supports at the ends were cylindrical thus inducing a restrain against rotation in one plane while allowing rotation in the other plane. The allowed direction of rotation was chosen in each test to induce buckling around the strong or the weak axis.
The load was applied at ambient temperature and maintained for a period of 15 minutes after which the temperature was increased under constant load. The load was applied concentrically on some tests and with an eccentricity in other tests. The load eccentricity was either applied at both ends, leading to constant bending moment distribution along the length, or at one end only, leading to a triangular bending moment distribution. Heating was applied by electrical resistances enclosed in ceramic pads. The columns and the ceramic pads were wrapped in ceramic wool insulating material. This technique was preferred to gas heating in a standard test furnace because it allows applying a slower and better controlled heating rate and thus obtaining a more uniform temperature distribution in the member. It is also easier to measured lateral displacements of the column.
Preliminary blank tests were performed on unloaded specimen in order to determine the heating range to be used later on the loaded columns. The paper will also report on a modification of the heating technique that was applied and improved significantly the uniformity in the temperature distribution.
Numerical simulations were performed before the tests using shell elements of the software SAFIR and assumed values of the material properties in order to predict the failure modes. It was essentially crucial to determine whether lateral supports at intermediate levels should be provided in order to ensure failure in the desired direction. Experience showed that the failure modes developed as predicted by the numerical simulations.
Besides a thorough description of the experiments, the paper will also present the obtained results in terms of failure mode, ultimate temperature and evolution of longitudinal and transverse displacement.
Some information will also be given about the level of detail that has to be used in the numerical model in order to get accurate results at a reasonable price.
RFCS European Commission
Researchers ; Professionals

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Abstract Franssen-Zhao-Gernay.docxAuthor preprint18.86 kBView/Open
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Paper40-Franssen-Zhao-Gernay.pdfAuthor postprint127.21 kBView/Open

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SiF 2014 Presentation.pptx3.54 MBView/Open
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FIDESC4-Experimental_Tests_Report-ULg_March_6_2013.pdfTest report containing all test data7.32 MBView/Open

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