Article (Scientific journals)
Gut Microbiota Associated with Clostridioides difficile Carriage in Three Clinical Groups (Inflammatory Bowel Disease, C. difficile Infection and Healthcare Workers) in Hospital Field
Martinez, Elisa; Crevecoeur, Sébastien; THIRION, Carine et al.
2023In Microorganisms, 11 (10), p. 2527
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Keywords :
Microbiology (medical); Microbiology
Abstract :
[en] Clostridioides difficile is an anaerobic spore-forming Gram-positive bacterium. C. difficile carriage and 16S rDNA profiling were studied in three clinical groups at three different sampling times: inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients, C. difficile infection (CDI) patients and healthcare workers (HCWs). Diversity analysis was realized in the three clinical groups, the positive and negative C. difficile carriage groups and the three analysis periods. Concerning the three clinical groups, β-diversity tests showed significant differences between them, especially between the HCW group and IBD group and between IBD patients and CDI patients. The Simpson index (evenness) showed a significant difference between two clinical groups (HCWs and IBD). Several genera were significantly different in the IBD patient group (Sutterella, Agathobacter) and in the CDI patient group (Enterococcus, Clostridioides). Concerning the positive and negative C. difficile carriage groups, β-diversity tests showed significant differences. Shannon, Simpson and InvSimpson indexes showed significant differences between the two groups. Several genera had significantly different relative prevalences in the negative group (Agathobacter, Sutterella, Anaerostipes, Oscillospira) and the positive group (Enterococcus, Enterobacteriaceae_ge and Enterobacterales_ge). A microbiota footprint was detected in C. difficile-positive carriers. More experiments are needed to test this microbiota footprint to see its impact on C. difficile infection.
Disciplines :
Public health, health care sciences & services
Microbiology
Gastroenterology & hepatology
Author, co-author :
Martinez, Elisa  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Fundamental and Applied Research for Animals and Health (FARAH)
Crevecoeur, Sébastien  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de sciences des denrées alimentaires (DDA) > Microbiologie des denrées alimentaires
THIRION, Carine  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Centre de Prise en charge des Violences Sexuelles (CPVS) ; Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Unité d'infectiologie -1C
GRANDJEAN, Jessica ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Unité de gastroentérologie-oncologie (+3A)
Fall, Papa Abdoulaye;  FoodChain ID, 4040 Herstal, Belgium
Hayette, Marie-Pierre  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de microbiologie clinique
Moutschen, Michel  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service des maladies infectieuses - médecine interne
Taminiau, Bernard  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Fundamental and Applied Research for Animals and Health (FARAH) > FARAH: Santé publique vétérinaire
Louis, Edouard  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de gastroentérologie, hépatologie, onco. digestive
Daube, Georges  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de sciences des denrées alimentaires (DDA) > Microbiologie des denrées alimentaires
Language :
English
Title :
Gut Microbiota Associated with Clostridioides difficile Carriage in Three Clinical Groups (Inflammatory Bowel Disease, C. difficile Infection and Healthcare Workers) in Hospital Field
Publication date :
10 October 2023
Journal title :
Microorganisms
eISSN :
2076-2607
Publisher :
MDPI AG
Volume :
11
Issue :
10
Pages :
2527
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
ULiège - Université de Liège [BE]
Funding text :
This work was supported by “FSR 2020—crédit sectoriel de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé” granted by the University of Liege for the Genx-CDI project.
Available on ORBi :
since 11 October 2023

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