Reference : The Benefits of Errorless Learning for Serial Reaction Time Performance in Alzheimer'...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/160974
The Benefits of Errorless Learning for Serial Reaction Time Performance in Alzheimer's Disease.
English
Schmitz, Xavier mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie : cognition et comportement > Neuropsychologie >]
Bier, Nathalie mailto [Université de Montréal - UdeM > Psychologie > > >]
Joubert, Sven mailto [Université de Montréal - UdeM > Psychologie > > >]
Lejeune, Caroline mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie : cognition et comportement > Neuropsychologie >]
Salmon, Eric mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Neuroimagerie des troubles de la mémoire et révalid. cogn. >]
Rouleau, Isabelle mailto [Université du Québec à Montréal - UQAM > > > >]
Meulemans, Thierry mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Doyen de la Faculté de Psychologie et des sc. de l'éducation >]
2014
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
IOS Press
39
2
287-300
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1387-2877
1875-8908
[en] Alzheimer’s disease ; perceptual motor performance ; reaction time ; rehabilitation ; serial learning
[en] Identifying the conditions favoring new procedural skill learning in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) could be important for patients’ autonomy. It has been suggested that error elimination is beneficial during skill learning, but no study has explored the advantage of this method in sequential learning situations. In this study, we examined the acquisition of a 6-element perceptual-motor sequence by AD patients and healthy older adults (control group). We compared the impact of two preliminary sequence learning conditions (Errorless vs. Errorful) on Serial Reaction Time performance at two different points in the learning process. A significant difference in reaction times for the learned sequence and a new sequence was observed in both conditions in healthy older participants; in AD patients, the difference was significant only in the errorless condition. The learning effect was greater in the errorless than the errorful condition in both groups. However, while the errorless advantage was found at two different times in the learning process in the AD group, in the control group this advantage was observed only at the halfway point. These results support the hypothesis that errorless learning allows for faster automation of a procedure than errorful learning in both AD and healthy older subjects.
Unité de Neuropsychologie
non-FRIA
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/160974
10.3233/JAD-130887

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