Reference : Interactomic map of the Ets factors family : Identification of unexpected functions i...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Paper published in a book
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Interactomic map of the Ets factors family : Identification of unexpected functions in mRNA processing
Rambout, Xavier mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Chimie et bio-industries > Biologie cell. et moléc. >]
Simonis, Nicolas mailto [> >]
Demoitié, Pauline [> >]
Cherkaoui, Majid mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > GIGA-Research >]
Lebrun, Marielle [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > GIGA-R : Virologie et immunologie >]
Vidal, Marc [> >]
Kruys, Véronique mailto [> >]
Twizere, Jean-Claude mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Chimie et bio-industries > Biologie cell. et moléc. >]
Dequiedt, Franck mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > GIGA-Research >]
Keystone symposium - Protein-RNA Interactions in Biology and Disease (C1)
Keystone Symposium : Protein-RNA interactions in Biology and Disease
du 4 mars 2012 au 9 mars 2012
Tuschl, Thomas
Santa Fe
[en] The Ets factors are a family of 27 transcription factors characterized by their unique DNA-binding domain, the ETS domain. We aimed at building a protein-protein interaction (PPI) map (interactome) of the human Ets factors in order to better define their roles and regulations in normal and oncogenic processes. The Ets interactome was built on a high-throughput yeast-two hybrid (Y2H) approach, and a literature and database curation of confident interactions which led us to the identification of 602 PPIs and 369 different protein partners. Clusterization using the Network Analysis Tool box (NeAT) divided the ETS interactome into 39 functional sub-networks.
Among these, we identified Cluster16 as highly connected to the Erg ETS subfamily. A gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis revealed that Cluster16 was associated to various aspects of mRNA processing. We therefore hypothesized that Erg factors might have a role in post-transcriptional gene regulation. This would constitute a entirely new and undisclosed role for ETS factors, which are so far firmly established as transcription factors.

In support of our hypothesis, we observed that ERG localized in p-bodies, cytoplasmic sites of mRNA decay. Interestingly, under various cellular stresses, a portion of ERG and its partners from Cluster16 localized in stress granules, cytoplasmic sites of mRNA silencing physically linked to p-bodies. Hence, we hypothesized that Erg proteins might be involved in cellular mRNAs degradation.

To test this, we performed a MS2-based tethering assay and showed that the recruit-ment of Erg factors promoted degradation of a reporter mRNA, mainly via its N-ter domain. Very importantly, oncogenic TET-Erg fusions described in AML and Ewing’s sarcoma exhibited diminished ability to degrade target mRNAs, concomitantly with the loss of the N-ter domain of the corresponding Erg protein. This re-inforces the important role of Erg proteins in mRNA degradation in cancer.

Our efforts are now concentrated on identifying the molecular determinants behind this new function of Erg proteins.
Giga-Signal Transduction
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS ; Télévie ; Fondation contre le Cancer
Establishment of an interactomic map of the Ets factors family: Towards a better understanding of their roles in oncogenic processes

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