Article (Scientific journals)
Association Between Meditative Capacities and Cognitive Functions in Healthy Older Adults Naïve to Meditation Practice
Requier, Florence; Hendy, Anne Sophia; Schlosser, Marco et al.
2023In Mindfulness, 14 (3), p. 695 - 707
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
 

Files


Full Text
Requier_Mindfulness_aging_2022_Preprint.pdf
Author postprint (800.34 kB)
Download
Full Text Parts
Requier_2023.pdf
Publisher postprint (1.2 MB)
Request a copy
Annexes
12671_2023_2077_MOESM1_ESM(1).docx
(30.04 kB)
Download

All documents in ORBi are protected by a user license.

Send to



Details



Keywords :
Meditation; Aging; Cognition; Personality; Affective State
Abstract :
[en] Objectives: Aging people experience a slight decrease in their cognitive efficiency, even in the absence of brain pathology. Concurrently, several studies have reported positive effects of meditation practice on older adults’ cognitive functioning. This study aimed to assess if dispositional mindfulness (or more generally trait meditation capacities) was associated with better cognition during aging. Method: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 134 healthy elderly participants enrolled in the Age-Well trial (age: 69.0 ± 3.8, 61.2% female) using a series of linear regressions. Participants were naïve to meditation practice before inclusion in the study. Three core meditation capacities were assessed: attentional related to metacognition/regulation of attention, constructive assessing attitudes toward others or toward themselves, and deconstructive focusing on cognitive defusion. Cognitive abilities were assessed through four composite measures of attention, executive function, episodic memory, and a global composite sensitive to subtle age-related cognitive changes linked to dementia risk (Preclinical Alzheimer’s Cognitive Composite; PACC5). Results: There was a positive relationship between PACC5 and deconstructive capacity (Rsp 2 = 0.03; p = 0.04). However, no association was observed between the three meditation capacities and the three specific cognitive scores (p > 0.05). Conclusions: We propose that deconstructive capacity, associated with self-inquiry and downregulation of maladaptive affective schemes, could be a cognitive factor important for global cognition in healthy aging. It remains to be determined to what extent explicit training in meditation positively influences these capacities and whether these changes also contribute to better cognition in aging. Preregistration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02977819 (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02977819?term=NCT02977819&draw=2&rank=1)
Research center :
GIGA CRC (Cyclotron Research Center) In vivo Imaging-Aging & Memory - ULiège
Disciplines :
Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Author, co-author :
Requier, Florence  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Neuropsychologie
Hendy, Anne Sophia ;  UCL - University College London [GB] > Division of Psychiatry
Schlosser, Marco ;  UCL - University College London [GB] > Division of Psychiatry ; UNIGE - University of Geneva [CH] > Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences
Demnitz-King, Harriet ;  UCL - University College London [GB] > Division of Psychiatry
Whitfield, Tim ;  UCL - University College London [GB] > Division of Psychiatry
Chételat, Gaël ;  INSERM - French Institute of Health and Medical Research [FR] > UNICAEN, U1237, PhIND “Physiopathology and Imaging of Neurological Disorders,” Institut Blood and Brain at Caen-Normandie, Cyceron, 14000
Klimecki, Olga ;  UNIGE - University of Geneva [CH] > Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences
Lutz, Antoine ;  UCBL - Université Claude Bernard. Lyon 1 [FR] > Lyon Neuroscience Research Center, INSERM U1028, CNRS UMR5292
Marchant, Natalie L. ;  UCL - University College London [GB] > Division of Psychiatry
Collette, Fabienne  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie
Language :
English
Title :
Association Between Meditative Capacities and Cognitive Functions in Healthy Older Adults Naïve to Meditation Practice
Publication date :
04 February 2023
Journal title :
Mindfulness
ISSN :
1868-8527
eISSN :
1868-8535
Publisher :
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Volume :
14
Issue :
3
Pages :
695 - 707
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
European Projects :
H2020 - 667696 - MEDIT-AGEING - Investigating the impact of meditation training on mental health and wellbeing in the ageing population
Name of the research project :
MEDIT-AGEING - Investigating the impact of meditation training on mental health and wellbeing in the ageing population
Funders :
ERC - European Research Council [BE]
UE - Union Européenne [BE]
Funding number :
667696
Available on ORBi :
since 04 March 2023

Statistics


Number of views
77 (8 by ULiège)
Number of downloads
134 (4 by ULiège)

Scopus citations®
 
0
Scopus citations®
without self-citations
0
OpenCitations
 
0

Bibliography


Similar publications



Contact ORBi