Article (Scientific journals)
Differential Biological Effects of Dietary Lipids and Irradiation on the Aorta, Aortic Valve, and the Mitral Valve
Donis, Nathalie; Jiang, Zheshen; D'Emal, Céline et al.
2022In Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine, 9, p. 1-16
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Keywords :
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Abstract :
[en] AimsDietary cholesterol and palmitic acid are risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) affecting the arteries and the heart valves. The ionizing radiation that is frequently used as an anticancer treatment promotes CVD. The specific pathophysiology of these distinct disease manifestations is poorly understood. We, therefore, studied the biological effects of these dietary lipids and their cardiac irradiation on the arteries and the heart valves in the rabbit models of CVD.Methods and ResultsCholesterol-enriched diet led to the thickening of the aortic wall and the aortic valve leaflets, immune cell infiltration in the aorta, mitral and aortic valves, as well as aortic valve calcification. Numerous cells expressing α-smooth muscle actin were detected in both the mitral and aortic valves. Lard-enriched diet induced massive aorta and aortic valve calcification, with no detectable immune cell infiltration. The addition of cardiac irradiation to the cholesterol diet yielded more calcification and more immune cell infiltrates in the atheroma and the aortic valve than cholesterol alone. RNA sequencing (RNAseq) analyses of aorta and heart valves revealed that a cholesterol-enriched diet mainly triggered inflammation-related biological processes in the aorta, aortic and mitral valves, which was further enhanced by cardiac irradiation. Lard-enriched diet rather affected calcification- and muscle-related processes in the aorta and aortic valve, respectively. Neutrophil count and systemic levels of platelet factor 4 and ent-8-iso-15(S)-PGF2α were identified as early biomarkers of cholesterol-induced tissue alterations, while cardiac irradiation resulted in elevated levels of circulating nucleosomes.ConclusionDietary cholesterol, palmitic acid, and cardiac irradiation combined with a cholesterol-rich diet led to the development of distinct vascular and valvular lesions and changes in the circulating biomarkers. Hence, our study highlights unprecedented specificities related to common risk factors that underlie CVD.
Disciplines :
Oncology
Author, co-author :
Donis, Nathalie ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Cardiovascular Sciences - Cardiology
Jiang, Zheshen ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA
D'Emal, Céline ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Cardiovascular Sciences - Cardiology
Hulin, Alexia ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Cardiovascular Sciences - Cardiology
Debuisson, Margaux ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Cardiovascular Sciences - Cardiology
Dulgheru, Raluca Elena ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques
Nguyen, Mai-Linh
Postolache, Adriana ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de cardiologie
LALLEMAND, François  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service médical de radiothérapie
COUCKE, Philippe  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Unités de recherche interfacultaires > Research Unit for a life-Course perspective on Health and Education (RUCHE)
Martinive, Philippe ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques
Herzog, Marielle
Pamart, Dorian
Terrell, Jason
Pincemail, Joël ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la santé publique
Drion, Pierre ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Platform Zebrafish facility & transgenics
DELVENNE, Philippe ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service d'anatomie et cytologie pathologiques
Nchimi Longang, Alain ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Cardiologie - Pathologie spéciale et réhabilitation
LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de cardiologie
Oury, Cécile  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Cardiovascular Sciences - Cardiology
More authors (10 more) Less
Language :
English
Title :
Differential Biological Effects of Dietary Lipids and Irradiation on the Aorta, Aortic Valve, and the Mitral Valve
Publication date :
28 February 2022
Journal title :
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
eISSN :
2297-055X
Publisher :
Frontiers Media SA
Volume :
9
Pages :
1-16
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
ERDF - European Regional Development Fund [BE]
F.R.S.-FNRS - Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique [BE]
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since 16 April 2022

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