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26 October 2020
Article (Scientific journals)
A super-Earth and a sub-Neptune orbiting the bright, quiet M3 dwarf TOI-1266
Demory, B.-O.; Pozuelos Romero, Francisco José  ; Gómez Maqueo Chew, Y. et al.
2020 • In Astronomy and Astrophysics, 642, p. 49
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Keywords :
instrumentation: detectors; planets and satellites: detection; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics
Abstract :
[en] We report the discovery and characterisation of a super-Earth and a sub-Neptune transiting the bright (K = 8.8), quiet, and nearby (37 pc) M3V dwarf TOI-1266. We validate the planetary nature of TOI-1266 b and c using four sectors of TESS photometry and data from the newly-commissioned 1-m SAINT-EX telescope located in San Pedro Mártir (México). We also include additional ground-based follow-up photometry as well as high-resolution spectroscopy and high-angular imaging observations. The inner, larger planet has a radius of R = 2.37[SUB]-0.12[/SUB][SUP]+0.16[/SUP] R[SUB]⊕[/SUB] and an orbital period of 10.9 days. The outer, smaller planet has a radius of R = 1.56[SUB]-0.13[/SUB][SUP]+0.15[/SUP] R[SUB]⊕[/SUB] on an 18.8-day orbit. The data are found to be consistent with circular, co-planar and stable orbits that are weakly influenced by the 2:1 mean motion resonance. Our TTV analysis of the combined dataset enables model-independent constraints on the masses and eccentricities of the planets. We find planetary masses of M[SUB]p[/SUB] = 13.5[SUB]-9.0[/SUB][SUP]+11.0[/SUP] M[SUB]⊕[/SUB] (<36.8 M[SUB]⊕[/SUB] at 2-σ) for TOI-1266 b and 2.2[SUB]-1.5[/SUB][SUP]+2.0[/SUP] M[SUB]⊕[/SUB] (<5.7 M[SUB]⊕[/SUB] at 2-σ) for TOI-1266 c. We find small but non-zero orbital eccentricities of 0.09[SUB]-0.05[/SUB][SUP]+0.06[/SUP] (<0.21 at 2-σ) for TOI-1266 b and 0.04 ± 0.03 (< 0.10 at 2-σ) for TOI-1266 c. The equilibrium temperatures of both planets are of 413 ± 20 and 344 ± 16 K, respectively, assuming a null Bond albedo and uniform heat redistribution from the day-side to the night-side hemisphere. The host brightness and negligible activity combined with the planetary system architecture and favourable planet-to-star radii ratios makes TOI-1266 an exquisite system for a detailed characterisation.
Disciplines :
Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
Author, co-author :
Demory, B.-O.;  Center for Space and Habitability, University of Bern, Gesellschaftsstrasse 6, 3012, Bern, Switzerland
Pozuelos Romero, Francisco José  ;  Space Sciences, Technologies and Astrophysics Research (STAR) Institute, Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août 19C, 4000, Liège, Belgium
Gómez Maqueo Chew, Y.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Ciudad de México, 04510, México
Sabin, L.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 877, 22800, Ensenada, B.C., México
Petrucci, R.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Ciudad de México, 04510, México
Schroffenegger, U.;  Center for Space and Habitability, University of Bern, Gesellschaftsstrasse 6, 3012, Bern, Switzerland
Grimm, S. L.;  Center for Space and Habitability, University of Bern, Gesellschaftsstrasse 6, 3012, Bern, Switzerland
Sestovic, M.;  Center for Space and Habitability, University of Bern, Gesellschaftsstrasse 6, 3012, Bern, Switzerland
Gillon, Michaël  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Exotic
McCormac, J.;  Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK
Barkaoui, Khalid ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Astrobiology
Benz, W.;  Center for Space and Habitability, University of Bern, Gesellschaftsstrasse 6, 3012, Bern, Switzerland
Bieryla, A.;  Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA
Bouchy, F.;  Observatoire astronomique de l'Université de Genève, 51 chemin des Maillettes, 1290, Versoix, Switzerland
Burdanov, A.;  Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA
Collins, K. A.;  Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA
de Wit, J.;  Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA
Dressing, C. D.;  Department of Astronomy, 501 Campbell Hall, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA
Garcia, Lionel  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Exotic
Giacalone, S.;  Department of Astronomy, 501 Campbell Hall, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA
Guerra, P.;  Observatori Astronòmic Albanyà, Camí de Bassegoda s/n, Albanyà, 17733, Girona, Spain
Haldemann, J.;  Center for Space and Habitability, University of Bern, Gesellschaftsstrasse 6, 3012, Bern, Switzerland
Heng, K.;  Center for Space and Habitability, University of Bern, Gesellschaftsstrasse 6, 3012, Bern, Switzerland
Jehin, Emmanuel  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Origines Cosmologiques et Astrophysiques (OrCa)
Jofré, E.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Ciudad de México, 04510, México
Kane, S. R.;  Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA, 92521, USA
Lillo-Box, J.;  Centro de Astrobiología (CAB, CSIC-INTA), Dpto. de Astrofísica, ESAC campus 28692 Villanueva de la Cañada, (Madrid), Spain
Maigné, V.;  Center for Space and Habitability, University of Bern, Gesellschaftsstrasse 6, 3012, Bern, Switzerland
Mordasini, C.;  Physikalisches Institut, University of Bern, Gesellschaftsstrasse 6, 3012, Bern, Switzerland
Morris, B. M.;  Center for Space and Habitability, University of Bern, Gesellschaftsstrasse 6, 3012, Bern, Switzerland
Niraula, P.;  Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA
Queloz, D.;  Cavendish Laboratory, J.J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE, UK
Rackham, B. V.;  Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA
Savel, A. B.;  Department of Astronomy, 501 Campbell Hall, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA
Soubkiou, A.;  Oukaimeden Observatory, High Energy Physics and Astrophysics Laboratory, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Srdoc, G.;  Kotizarovci Observatory, Sarsoni 90, 51216, Viskovo, Croatia
Stassun, K. G.;  Department of Physics & Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, 6301 Stevenson Center Lane, Nashville, TN, 37235, USA
Triaud, A. H. M. J.;  School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
Zambelli, R.;  Società Astronomica Lunae, Castelnuovo Magra, Via Montefrancio 77, Italy
Ricker, G.;  Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA
Latham, D. W.;  Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA
Seager, S.;  Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA
Winn, J. N.;  Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, NJ, 08544, USA
Jenkins, J. M.;  NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 94035, USA
Calvario-Velásquez, T.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 877, 22800, Ensenada, B.C., México
Franco Herrera, J. A.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 877, 22800, Ensenada, B.C., México
Colorado, E.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 877, 22800, Ensenada, B.C., México
Cadena Zepeda, E. O.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 877, 22800, Ensenada, B.C., México
Figueroa, L.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 877, 22800, Ensenada, B.C., México
Watson, A. M.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Ciudad de México, 04510, México
Lugo-Ibarra, E. E.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 877, 22800, Ensenada, B.C., México
Carigi, L.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Ciudad de México, 04510, México
Guisa, G.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 877, 22800, Ensenada, B.C., México
Herrera, J.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 877, 22800, Ensenada, B.C., México
Sierra Díaz, G.;  Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 877, 22800, Ensenada, B.C., México
Suárez, J. C.;  Departamento de Física Teórica y del Cosmos, Universidad de Granada, Campus de Fuentenueva s/n, 18071, Granada, Spain
Barrado, D.;  Centro de Astrobiología (CAB, CSIC-INTA), Dpto. de Astrofísica, ESAC campus 28692 Villanueva de la Cañada, (Madrid), Spain
Batalha, N. M.;  Department of A&A, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, 95064, USA
Benkhaldoun, Z.;  Oukaimeden Observatory, High Energy Physics and Astrophysics Laboratory, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Chontos, A.;  Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA
Dai, F.;  Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Blvd, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA
Essack, Z.;  Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA
Ghachoui, M.;  Oukaimeden Observatory, High Energy Physics and Astrophysics Laboratory, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Huang, C. X.;  Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA
Huber, D.;  Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA
Isaacson, H.;  Department of Astronomy, 501 Campbell Hall, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA
Lissauer, J. J.;  NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 94035, USA
Morales-Calderón, M.;  Centro de Astrobiología (CAB, CSIC-INTA), Dpto. de Astrofísica, ESAC campus 28692 Villanueva de la Cañada, (Madrid), Spain
Robertson, P.;  Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, 92697, USA
Roy, A.;  Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Blvd, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA
Twicken, J. D.;  NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 94035, USA
Vanderburg, A.;  Department of Astronomy, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, 78712, USA
Weiss, L. M.;  Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA)
More authors (63 more) Less
Language :
English
Title :
A super-Earth and a sub-Neptune orbiting the bright, quiet M3 dwarf TOI-1266
Publication date :
01 October 2020
Journal title :
Astronomy and Astrophysics
ISSN :
0004-6361
eISSN :
1432-0746
Publisher :
EDP Sciences, Les Ulis, France
Volume :
642
Pages :
A49
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
European Projects :
FP7 - 336480 - SPECULOOS - SPECULOOS: searching for habitable planets amenable for biosignatures detection around the nearest ultra-cool stars
Funders :
CE - Commission Européenne

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