Reference : CAMERA TRAPS TO STUDY THE FOREST ELEPHANT’S (LOXODONTA CYCLOTIS) RESPONSE TO CHILLI P...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/223536
CAMERA TRAPS TO STUDY THE FOREST ELEPHANT’S (LOXODONTA CYCLOTIS) RESPONSE TO CHILLI PEPPER REPELLENT DEVICES IN GAMBA, GABON
English
[en] LES PIÈGES PHOTOGRAPHIQUES POUR ÉTUDIER LA RÉACTION DES ÉLÉPHANTS DE FORÊTS (LOXODONTA CYCLOTIS) FACE AUX DISPOSITIFS RÉPULSIFS DE PIMENT A GAMBA, GABON
Ngama, Steeve mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech]
Korte, Lisa mailto [Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Gabon Biodiversity Program, USA > > > >]
Johnson, Mireille mailto [Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Gabon Biodiversity Program, USA > > > >]
Vermeulen, Cédric mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Laboratoire de Foresterie des régions trop. et subtropicales >]
Bindelle, Jérôme mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Ingénierie des productions animales et nutrition >]
Apr-2018
Nature Conservation Research
3
2
Yes
International
2500-008X
[en] camera trap ; Central Africa ; chilli pepper ; forest elephants ; Gabon
[en] In Central Africa, Gabon is a forested country with a rich biodiversity where conflict between wild animals and humans is common and causes innumerable damage to crops. The worst crop raiders are elephants, which can destroy an entire crop in a single night. These raids threaten people’s livelihoods as well as elephants because angry farmers often retaliate with killing campaigns against crop raiding elephants. To keep elephants out of farms the use of chilli pepper is recommended as a non-lethal method. But only a few studies have tested methods to use chilli pepper to deter elephants in Gabon. Results from this study give a starting point for understanding
how forest elephants react to devices using chilli pepper as a deterrent based on sequential camera trap photos. A chilli pepper device that resulted in splashing concentrate on the elephant face proved to be the most effective at deterring elephants. Surprisingly, chilli pepper concentrate directly applied to mango fruits did not deter elephants from eating the fruits, although it probably caused some discomfort. To make effective deterrent devices with chilli pepper future works need to focus on exploring practices to reach the elephant face with the least, safe quantity of chilli pepper and which will have enough strong deterrent effect.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public ; Others
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/223536
10.24189/ncr.2018.027
http://ncr-journal.bear-land.org/article/133

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