Reference : Polyphenol-Rich Blackcurrant Juice Prevents Endothelial Dysfunction in the Mesenteric...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Cardiovascular & respiratory systems
Polyphenol-Rich Blackcurrant Juice Prevents Endothelial Dysfunction in the Mesenteric Artery of Cirrhotic Rats with Portal Hypertension: Role of Oxidative Stress and the Angiotensin System.
Rashid, Sherzad [University of Strasbourg > > > >]
Idris-Khodja, Noureddine [University of Strasbourg > > > >]
Auger, Cyril [University of Strasbourg > > > >]
Kevers, Claire mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > Département des sciences de la vie >]
PINCEMAIL, Joël mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de chirurgie cardio-vasculaire et thoracique >]
Alhosin, Mahmoud [University of Strasbourg > > > >]
Boehm, Nelly [University of Strasbourg > > > >]
Oswald-Mammosser, Monique [University of Strasbourg > > > >]
Schini-Kerth, Valerie B. [University of Strasbourg > > > >]
Journal of Medicinal Food
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United States
[en] angiotensin II ; blackcurrant ; endothelial dysfunction ; inflammatory cytokines ; portal hypertension ; reactive oxygen species
[en] Chronic liver diseases with portal hypertension are characterized by a progressive vasodilatation, endothelial dysfunction, and NADPH oxidase-derived vascular oxidative stress, which have been suggested to involve the angiotensin system. This study evaluated the possibility that oral intake of polyphenol-rich blackcurrant juice (PRBJ), a rich natural source of antioxidants, prevents endothelial dysfunction in a rat model of cirrhosis induced by chronic bile duct ligation (CBDL), and, if so, determined the underlying mechanism. Male Wistar rats received either control drinking water or water containing 60 mg/kg gallic acid equivalents of PRBJ for 3 weeks before undergoing surgery with CBDL or sham surgery. After 4 weeks, vascular reactivity was assessed in mesenteric artery rings using organ chambers. Both the acetylcholine-induced nitric oxide (NO)- and endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization (EDH)-mediated relaxations in mesenteric artery rings were significantly reduced in CBDL rats compared to sham rats. An increased level of oxidative stress and expression of NADPH oxidase subunits, COX-2, NOS, and of the vascular angiotensin system are observed in arterial sections in the CBDL group. Chronic intake of PRBJ prevented the CBDL-induced impaired EDH-mediated relaxation, oxidative stress, and expression of the different target proteins in the arterial wall. In addition, PRBJ prevented the CBDL-induced increase in the plasma level of proinflammatory cytokines (interleukin [IL]-1alpha, monocyte chemotactic protein 1, and tumor necrosis factor alpha) and the decrease of the anti-inflammatory cytokine, IL-4. Altogether, these observations indicate that regular ingestion of PRBJ prevents the CBDL-induced endothelial dysfunction in the mesenteric artery most likely by normalizing the level of vascular oxidative stress and the angiotensin system.
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