Reference : Microstructure and Nano-Hardness in 316L+WC Composite Coatings Processed by Laser Cladding
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference/Abstract
Engineering, computing & technology : Materials science & engineering
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/222032
Microstructure and Nano-Hardness in 316L+WC Composite Coatings Processed by Laser Cladding
English
Maurizi-Enrici, Tommaso mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Science des matériaux métalliques >]
Maurizi Enrici, Tommaso mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Form. doct. sc. ingé. & techno. (aéro. & mécan. - Paysage)]
Mancini, Elena []
Mertens, Anne mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Science des matériaux métalliques >]
Tchuindjang, Jérôme Tchoufack mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Science des matériaux métalliques >]
Magnien, Julien []
28-Mar-2018
No
No
International
16th European Mechanics of Materials Conference
du 26 au 28 mars 2018
Nantes
France
[en] Composite ; Laser Cladding ; Nano-indentation
[en] Austenitic stainless steels (e.g. SS316L) are widely used due to their corrosion resistance and good toughness. However, their applications are still limited by their relatively poor tribological properties at high temperature. Surface damage occurs in areas under contact loadings. A composite coating in those zones appears as an interesting solution, combining the matrix material with hard reinforcements such as carbides. Among the possible reinforcements, WC is a popular candidate due to its hardness and its theoretical high melting temperature of 2600°C.
Additive manufacturing, and in particular laser cladding, is a suitable technique for the manufacturing of composite coatings, allowing for a large variability in raw materials. In laser cladding, a stream of a powder, or a mixture of different powders, is fed into a focused laser beam while being scanned across a substrate, thus leaving behind a coating or object. Laser cladding process involves ultra-fast cooling rates during the solidification stage and the subsequent solid state transformations, thus giving rise to out-of-equilibrium phases.
This work considers a metal matrix composite composed by 316L stainless steel and reinforcements of tungsten carbides (WC) particles (16 and 28 in vol.%)1. The dissolution and interfacial reactions of WC reinforcements during casting is a well-known challenge in the production of metal matrix composites2. Indeed, because of carbide dissolution during solidification and re-precipitation, several layers composed by different out-of-equilibrium phases are formed around the partially dissolving carbide. The microstructure away from the particles is not affected by the carbide presence and is more homogeneous. The effects of the high cooling rates on the WC particles and the resulting microstructure are evaluated. A special attention was given to the dissolution of the reinforcements by reactions with the metallic matrix and to the different phases that could form depending on the local composition. In order to obtain more insights into the relative contributions of the various strengthening mechanisms at play in the composites (i.e. composite effect, precipitation and solid solution strengthening), macro-hardness tests have been performed and correlated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and nano-indentations that have been carried out to completely characterize the out-of-equilibrium phases formed around the original reinforcements.
1. Mertens, A.; L’Hoest, T. et al., On the Elaboration of Metal-Ceramic Composite Coatings by Laser Cladding. Mater Sci Forum. 2017;879:1288.
2. Mertens, A.; Lecomte-Beckers J. On the Role of Interfacial Reactions, Dissolution and Secondary Precipitation During the Laser Additive Manufacturing of Metal Matrix Composites : A Review. In: New Trends in 3D Printing. ; 2016:187.
MMS
Fonds Européen de Développement Régional - FEDER
IAWATHA
Researchers ; Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/222032

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