Reference : On the Variable Dilatancy Angle in Rocks Around Underground Galleries
Scientific journals : Article
Engineering, computing & technology : Civil engineering
On the Variable Dilatancy Angle in Rocks Around Underground Galleries
Salehnia, Fatemeh mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Doct. sc. ingé. (architecture, génie civ. & géol.)]
Collin, Frédéric [Université de Liège > Département ArGEnCo > Géotechnique >]
Charlier, Robert [Université de Liège > Département ArGEnCo > Géomécanique et géologie de l'ingénieur >]
Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering
Springer Science & Business Media B.V.
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Dilatancy angle ; Plastic strain ; Gallery excavation ; Strain localization ; Pore water pressure
[en] Correct estimation of the dilatant behavior of a rock has an essential role in a realistic numerical simulation of the fracturing threshold during the rock deformation process and its post-failure response, based on experimental and field observations. This importance has been poorly treated in most of the numerical analyses dealing with the rock engineering common problems such as deep excavations. The dilatancy angle as a commonly used parameter for describing the dilatation response of a rock is mostly simplified to be a constant value. Contrarily, a literature review declares the inadequacy of this approach in those rock mechanics applications. In the present paper, a new formula for considering the variable dilatancy angle is presented which relates this parameter to the plastic shear strain in the course of a loading procedure. It is aimed at characterizing an evolution of the dilatant or contracting volumetric response of a rock as well as giving the possibility to simulate a dilatant/contracting transitional behavior. The model is applied to simulate the development of strain localization, in shear band mode, within the inevitable excavation damaged zone created around an underground opening in rock. It is illustrated that using the model of variable dilatancy angle in a deep excavation modeling could help to better reproduce the fractures development around the opening in the course of tunneling.

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