Reference : MESURES INCITATIVES A LA PRODUCTION COTONNIERE ET PERSPECTIVES DE LA PRIVATISATION DE...
Dissertations and theses : Doctoral thesis
Business & economic sciences : Microeconomics
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/201012
MESURES INCITATIVES A LA PRODUCTION COTONNIERE ET PERSPECTIVES DE LA PRIVATISATION DES FILIALES CMDT AU MALI
French
Koné, Bouréma mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Doct. sc. agro. & ingé. biol.]
23-Aug-2016
Université de Liège, ​Liège, ​​Belgique
Docteur en sciences agronomiques et ingénierie biologique
208
Lebailly, Philippe mailto
[fr] Subvention engrais, prix incitatif, filière coton, Mali, privatisation filiale, compétitivité
[en] Cotton is the first export crop in Mali with 84,370 billion Fcfa in 2010 (INSTAT, 2010), but the production of this crop has huge problems due to external factors (prices of inputs and seed cotton) and internal (within payment to producers, internal debts of cooperatives).
To boost cotton production during the years 2010/11 and 2011/12, the government had maintained the level of fertilizer subsidy at 50% of normal price on the market. In addition to this level of subsidy, the incentive price of 255Fcfa / kg was fixed to the producer and the National Union of Cotton Producers Cooperative Societies (NU-CPCS) facilitated the clearance of the internal debts of cooperatives. Despite the fall in world prices after 2011/12, the price of cotton seed remains little changed. The price stayed at 255 CFA francs / kg in 2012/13 and got back to 250 CFA francs / kg in 2013/14.
The objective of this work is to analyze the effects of incentives factors cotton production with a view to the privatization of CMDT subsidiaries
Surveys were conducted with a sample of 240 farms selected from the four zones of the CMDT zones based on two villages subsidiary during the years of 2008/09, 2010/11 and 2011/12.
The results showed a positive trend in production (mainly due to an increase in the area) and in the income of cotton producers with a higher reimbursement rate of input credits under cultivation.
The analysis of the Domestic Resource Cost (DRC) the Nominal protection coefficients (NPC) and the Effective (CPE) showed an improvement in thèse variables in 2011/12 with the incentive policy. An analysis of the determinants of the supply of cotton showed that only two variables were significant: the price cottonseed and payment period.
The incentive factors are influenced by fiber market in 2011/12 which took a downward trend from the campaign.
This incentive policy being favored by the market of fiber which is very unstable, it would be necessary to create conditions in which the producer can benefit from the price obtained on the quality of fiber to maintain the incentive policy for producers.
For the privatization of Cotton Company, an upgrade of this company is necessary with the support of the Malian state. But this upgrade should not affect too much the selling price of sale of cotton that can bring new companies in a situation of too long term recovery of capital invested (long period of investment recovery).
The privatization scheme as presented makes major companies more competitive.
In order to reduce the operating costs a form of collaborative relationships among delivery companies would be required.
Keywords: fertilizer subsidy, incentive price, cotton sector in Mali, privatization subsidiary, competitiveness.
Coopération Technique Belge (CTB°
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/201012
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