Reference : Capitalizing on fine milk composition for breeding and management of dairy cows
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Genetics & genetic processes
Life sciences : Animal production & animal husbandry
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/192249
Capitalizing on fine milk composition for breeding and management of dairy cows
English
Gengler, Nicolas mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Ingénierie des productions animales et nutrition >]
Soyeurt, Hélène mailto [Université de Liège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Statistique, Inform. et Mathém. appliquée à la bioingénierie >]
Dehareng, Fréderic [> >]
Bastin, Catherine [Université de Liège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Zootechnie >]
Colinet, Frédéric mailto [Université de Liège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Zootechnie >]
Hammami, Hedi mailto [Université de Liège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Zootechnie >]
Vanrobays, Marie-Laure [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Doct. sc. agro. & ingé. biol.]
Laine, Aurélie [Université de Liège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Zootechnie >]
Vanderick, Sylvie mailto [Université de Liège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Zootechnie >]
Grelet, Clément mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Doct. sc. agro. & ingé. biol. (Paysage)]
Vanlierde, Amélie [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Doct. sc. agro. & ingé. biol.]
Froidmont, E. [> >]
Dardenne, Pierre [> >]
May-2016
Journal of Dairy Science
American Dairy Science Association
99
5
4071-4079
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0022-0302
1525-3198
Champaign
IL
[en] dairy cattle ; milk mid-infrared ; breeding ; management
[en] The challenge of managing and breeding dairy cows is permanently adapting to changing production circumstances under socio-economic constraints. If managing and breeding address different timeframes of action, both need relevant phenotypes that allow for precise monitoring of the status of the cows, and their health, behavior, and well-being as well as their environmental impact and the quality of their products (i.e., milk and subsequently dairy products). Milk composition has been identified as an important source of information
because it could reflect, at least partially, all these elements.
Major conventional milk components such as fat, protein, urea, and lactose contents are routinely predicted by mid-infrared (MIR) spectrometry and have been widely used for these purposes. But, milk composition is much more complex and other nonconventional
milk components, potentially predicted by MIR, might be informative. Such new milk-based phenotypes should be considered given that they are cheap, rapidly obtained, usable on a large scale, robust, and reliable.
In a first approach, new phenotypes can be predicted from MIR spectra using techniques based on classical prediction equations. This method was used successfully for many novel traits (e.g., fatty acids, lactoferrin, minerals, milk technological properties, citrate) that can be then useful for management and breeding purposes.
An innovation was to consider the longitudinal nature of the relationship between the trait of interest and the MIR spectra (e.g., to predict methane from MIR). By avoiding intermediate steps, prediction errors can be minimized when traits of interest (e.g., methane, energy balance, ketosis) are predicted directly from MIR spectra. In a second approach, research is ongoing to detect and exploit patterns in an innovative manner, by comparing observed with expected MIR spectra directly (e.g., pregnancy). All of these traits can then be used to define best practices, adjust feeding and health management, improve animal welfare, improve milk
quality, and mitigate environmental impact. Under the condition that MIR data are available on a large scale, phenotypes for these traits will allow genetic and genomic evaluations. Introduction of novel traits into the breeding objectives will need additional research to
clarify socio-economic weights and genetic correlations with other traits of interest.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public ; Others
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/192249
10.3168/jds.2015-10140
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030216000060?via%3Dihub

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