Reference : The impact of oregano (Origanum heracleoticum) essential oil and carvacrol on virulen...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Microbiology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/178436
The impact of oregano (Origanum heracleoticum) essential oil and carvacrol on virulence gene transcription by Escherichia coli O157:H7
English
Mith, Hasika mailto []
Clinquart, Antoine mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de sciences des denrées alimentaires (DDA) > Technologie des denrées alimentaires >]
Zhiri, Abdesselam []
Daube, Georges mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de sciences des denrées alimentaires (DDA) > Microbiologie des denrées alimentaires >]
Delcenserie, Véronique mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de sciences des denrées alimentaires (DDA) > Gestion de la qualité dans la chaîne alimentaire >]
2015
FEMS Microbiology Letters
Blackwell Publishing
362
1-7
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0378-1097
1574-6968
Oxford
United Kingdom
[en] Oregano essential oil ; carvacrol ; EHEC O157:H7 ; virulence gene expression
[en] The aim of the current study was to determine, via reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) analysis, the effect of oregano essential oil (Origanum heracleoticum) and carvacrol, its major component, on the expression of virulence-associated genes in enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 ATCC strain 35150. Both oregano oil and carvacrol demonstrated their efficacy firstly, by inhibiting the transcription of the ler gene involved in up regulation of the LEE2, LEE3 and LEE4 promoters and of attaching and effacing lesions and secondly by decreasing both Shiga toxin and fliC genes expression. In addition, a decrease in luxS gene transcription involved in quorum sensing was observed. These results were dose dependent and showed a specific effect of O. heracleoticum and carvacrol in downregulating the expression of virulence genes in EHEC O157:H7. These findings suggest that oregano oil and carvacrol have the potential to mitigate the adverse health effects caused by virulence gene expression in EHEC O157:
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/178436
10.1093/femsle/fnu021

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