Reference : The impact of transport policies on railroad intermodal freight competitiveness – The...
Scientific journals : Article
Business & economic sciences : Quantitative methods in economics & management
The impact of transport policies on railroad intermodal freight competitiveness – The case of Belgium
Santos, Bruno F. []
Limbourg, Sabine mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > HEC-Ecole de gestion : UER > UER Opérations : Logistique >]
Carreira, Joana Silva []
Transportation Research. Part D, Transport and Environment
Pergamon Press - An Imprint of Elsevier Science
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Railroad Intermodal Transportation ; Terminal Location ; Railroad Modal Split ; Transport Policies
[en] This paper discusses the impact of three freight transport policies aiming to promote
railroad intermodal transport in Europe, and examines the case of Belgium as a testing
ground. These policies consist in subsidizing intermodal transport operations (such as
in Belgium, to stimulate rail transport), internalizing external costs (as recommended by
the European Union in order to foster cleaner modes), and adopting a system
perspective when optimizing the location of inland intermodal terminals. The study
proposes an innovative mixed integer intermodal freight location-allocation model
based on hub-location theory and deals with non-linear transport costs in order to
replicate economies of distance. Our analysis suggests that subsidizing has a
significant impact on the volumes transported by intermodal transport, and, to a lesser
extent, that optimizing terminal location increases the competitiveness of intermodal
transport. On the other hand, according to our assumptions, internalizing external costs
can negatively impact the promotion of intermodality. This finding indicates that
innovative last-mile transports are needed in order to reduce the external impacts of
drayage operations.
Researchers ; Professionals

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