Reference : Smallholder pig production systems along a periurban-rural gradient in the Western pr...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Animal production & animal husbandry
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/168185
Smallholder pig production systems along a periurban-rural gradient in the Western provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
English
Kambashi Mutiaka, Bienvenu mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Sciences agronomiques > Zootechnie >]
Picron, Pascale mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Sciences agronomiques > Zootechnie >]
Boudry, Christelle [Université de Liège - ULiège > Sciences agronomiques > Zootechnie >]
Thewis, André mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Sciences agronomiques > Zootechnie >]
Kiatoko, Honoré []
Bindelle, Jérôme mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Sciences agronomiques > Zootechnie >]
2014
Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics
Kassel University Press
115
9-22
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1612-9830
Kassel
Germany
[en] Pig rearing ; Smallholder farming ; Feeding strategies ; Health
[en] In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), pigs are raised almost exclusively by smallholders either in periurban areas of major cities such as Kinshasa or in rural villages. Unfortunately, little information is available regarding pig production in the Western part of the DRC, wherefore a survey was carried out to characterize and compare 319 pig production systems in their management and feeding strategies, along a periurban - rural gradient in Western provinces of the DRC. Pig breeding was the main source of income (43 %) and half of respondent were active in mixed pig and crop production, mainly vegetable garden. Depending on the location, smallholders owned on average 18 pigs, including four sows. Piglet mortality rate varied from 9.5 to 21.8% while average weaned age ranged between 2.2 and 2.8 months. The major causes of mortality reported by the farmers were African swine fever 98%, Swine erysipelas (60%), erysipelas trypanosomiasis (31 %), Swine worm infection (17 %), and diarrhoea (12 %). The majority of the pigs were reared in pens without free roaming and fed essentially with locally available by-products and forage plants whose nature varied according with the location of the farm. The pig production systems depended on the local environment; particularly in terms of workforces, herd structure and characteristics, production parameters, pig building materials, selling price and in feed resources. It can be concluded that an improvement of Congolese pig production systems should consider (1) a reduction of inbreeding, (2) an improvement in biosafety to reduce the incidence of African swine fever and the spread of other diseases, and (3) an improvement in feeding practices.
Wallonie-Bruxelles international
Researchers ; Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/168185
http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2014020344851

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