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Detecting Consciousness with a Brain-computer Interface
Noirhomme, Quentin; Lesenfants, Damien; Lehembre, Remy et al.
2012In Pons, J. L.; Torricelli, D.; Pajaro, M. (Eds.) Converging Clinical and Engineering Research on Neurorehabilitation
Peer reviewed
 

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Keywords :
Brain-computer interface; BCI; diagnosis
Abstract :
[en] Recent electrophysiological and neuroimaging studies showed command-specific changes in EEG or fMRI signals of unresponsive patients providing motor-independent evidence of conscious thoughts. These promising results have paved the way for a new application for Brain-computer Interface (BCI): detecting consciousness in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). In the present abstract, we review the first results obtained by BCI-like applications in patients with DOC and discuss the challenges facing BCI research. We believe that patients with DOC may benefit from BCI based diagnosis. BCIs may detect changes in the signal in response to command and, in some cases, may permit communication.
Disciplines :
Engineering, computing & technology: Multidisciplinary, general & others
Author, co-author :
Noirhomme, Quentin ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Centre de recherches du cyclotron
Lesenfants, Damien ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Centre de recherches du cyclotron
Lehembre, Remy ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Centre de recherches du cyclotron
Lugo, Zulay
Chatelle, Camille ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Centre de recherches du cyclotron
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Centre de recherches du cyclotron
Laureys, Steven  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Centre de recherches du cyclotron
Language :
English
Title :
Detecting Consciousness with a Brain-computer Interface
Publication date :
November 2012
Event name :
International Conference on NeuroRehabilitation, ICNR2012
Event place :
Toledo, Spain
Event date :
November 2012
By request :
Yes
Audience :
International
Main work title :
Converging Clinical and Engineering Research on Neurorehabilitation
Editor :
Pons, J. L.
Torricelli, D.
Pajaro, M.
Publisher :
Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, Germany
ISBN/EAN :
9783642345456
Collection name :
Biosystems & Biorobotics
Pages :
1261-1264
Peer reviewed :
Peer reviewed
European Projects :
FP7 - 247919 - DECODER - Deployment of Brain-Computer Interfaces for the Detection of Consciousness in Non-Responsive Patients
Funders :
CE - Commission Européenne [BE]
Available on ORBi :
since 29 November 2012

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