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Article (Scientific journals)
Physicians' communication with a cancer patient and a relative - A randomized study assessing the efficacy of consolidation workshops
Delvaux, N.; Merckaert, I.; Marchal, S. et al.
2005 • In Cancer, 103 (11), p. 2397-2411
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Keywords :
communication skills; physician; cancer; training; relatives
Abstract :
[en] BACKGROUND. Although patients with cancer are often accompanied by a relative during medical interviews, to the authors' knowledge little is known regarding the efficacy of communication skills training programs on physicians' communication skills in this context. The objective of the current study was to assess the efficacy of 6 consolidation workshops, 3 hours in length, that were conducted after a 2.5-day basic training program. METHODS. After attending the basic training program, physicians were assigned randomly to consolidation workshops or to a waiting list. Training efficacy was assessed through simulated and actual interviews that were recorded on an audio tape at baseline, after consolidation workshops for the consolidation-workshops group, and 5 months after the end of basic training for the waiting-list group. Communication skills were assessed according to the Cancer Research Campaign Workshop Evaluation Manual. Patients' and relatives' perceptions of and satisfaction with physicians' communication performance were assessed using a 15-item questionnaire. RESULTS. Sixty-two physicians completed the training program. Compared with physicians who participated to the basic training program, when addressing the patient, physicians who were randomized to the consolidation workshops used more open, open directive, and screening questions (P = 0.011 in simulated patient interviews and P = 0.005 in actual patient interviews) and elicited and clarified psychologic concerns more often (P = 0.006 in simulated patient interviews and P < 0.001 in actual patient interviews). When they addressed the relative, physicians who were randomized to the consolidation workshops gave less premature information (P = 0.032 in simulated patient interviews and P < 0.001 in actual patient interviews). When they addressed the patient and the relative simultaneously, physicians who were randomized to the consolidation workshops used more empathy, educated guesses, alerting to reality, confronting, negotiating, and summarizing (P = 0.003 in simulated patient interviews and P = 0.024 in actual patient interviews). Patients, but not relatives, who interacted with physicians in the consolidation-workshops group were more satisfied globally with the interviews (P = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS. Six 3-hour consolidation workshops resulted in improved communication skills addressed to patients and to relatives. The current results showed that the transfer of skills addressing relatives' concerns remained limited and that consolidation workshops should focus even more systematically on the practice of three-person interviews. (c) 2005 American Cancer Society.
Disciplines :
Oncology
Author, co-author :
Delvaux, N.
Merckaert, I.
Marchal, S.
Libert, Yves 
Conradt, S.
Boniver, Jacques ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Anatomie et cytologie pathologiques
Etienne, Anne-Marie  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de personne et société > Psychologie de la santé
Fontaine, Ovide ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Services généraux (Fac. de psycho. et des sc. de l'éducat.) > Relations académiques et scientifiques (Psycho et sc.éduc.)
Janne, P.
Klastersky, J.
Melot, C.
Reynaert, C.
Scalliet, P.
Slachmuylder, J. L.
Razavi, D.
More authors (5 more) Less
Language :
English
Title :
Physicians' communication with a cancer patient and a relative - A randomized study assessing the efficacy of consolidation workshops
Publication date :
01 June 2005
Journal title :
Cancer
ISSN :
0008-543X
eISSN :
1097-0142
Publisher :
John Wiley & Sons Inc, Hoboken, United States - New Jersey
Volume :
103
Issue :
11
Pages :
2397-2411
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

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