Article (Scientific journals)
Occupational stress and burnout in anaesthesia
Nyssen, Anne-Sophie; Hansez, Isabelle; Baele, Philippe et al.
2003In British Journal of Anaesthesia, 90 (3), p. 333-337
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Keywords :
anaesthetists, stress; anesthésie; burnout; charge de travail; stress
Abstract :
[en] Background. Formal studies on stress in anaesthetists have usually measured stress through mental or physiological indicators. When using this approach, one must be careful not to confuse the effects of stress or outcome variables and the sources of stress or antecedent variables. To date, it seems from the literature that there is no clear evidence of a common pattern of physiological effects of stress for all the sources of stress. Furthermore, work characteristics such as job satisfaction, job control and job support may moderate the effects of stress. Methods. We measured the effects of stress together with the sources of stress and job characteristics, using self-reported questionnaires rather than physiological indicators in order to better diagnose stress in anaesthetists. Results. The mean stress level in anaesthetists was 50.6 which is no higher than we found in other working populations. The three main sources of stress reported were a lack of control over time management, work planning and risks. Anaesthetists reported high empowerment, high work commitment, high job challenge and high satisfaction. However, 40.4% of the group were suffering from high emotional exhaustion (burnout); the highest rate was in young trainees under 30 years of age. Conclusions. Remedial actions are discussed at the end of the paper.
Disciplines :
Anesthesia & intensive care
Author, co-author :
Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de personne et société > Ergonomie et intervention au travail
Hansez, Isabelle  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de personne et société > Valorisation des ressources humaines
Baele, Philippe
Lamy, Maurice ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Anesthésie et réanimation
De Keyser, Véronique ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de personne et société > Psychologie du travail et des entreprises
Language :
Title :
Occupational stress and burnout in anaesthesia
Publication date :
March 2003
Journal title :
British Journal of Anaesthesia
Publisher :
Oxford Univ Press, Oxford, United Kingdom
Volume :
Issue :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
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