Article (Scientific journals)
Dynamic modeling and optimal control strategy of waste heat recovery Organic Rankine Cycles
Quoilin, Sylvain; Aumann, Richard; Grill, Andreas et al.
2011In Applied Energy
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Keywords :
dynamic modeling; control; optimization; ORC; Organic Rankine Cycle; Waste heat recovery
Abstract :
[en] Organic Rankine Cycles (ORCs) are particularly suitable for recovering energy from low-grade heat sources. This paper describes the behavior of a small scale ORC used to recover energy from a variable flow rate and temperature waste heat source. A traditional static model is unable to predict transient behavior in a cycle with a varying thermal source, whereas this capability is essential for simulating an appropriate cycle control strategy during part-load operation and start and stop procedures. A dynamic model of the ORC is therefore proposed focusing specifically on the time-varying performance of the heat exchangers, the dynamics of the other components being of minor importance. Three different control strategies are proposed and compared. The simulation results show that a model predictive control strategy based on the steady-state optimization of the cycle under various conditions is the one showing the best results.
Research center :
University of Lièbe - Energy Systems
Disciplines :
Energy
Author, co-author :
Quoilin, Sylvain  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Systèmes énergétiques
Aumann, Richard
Grill, Andreas
Schuster, Andreas
Lemort, Vincent  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Systèmes énergétiques
Spliethoff, Hartmut
Language :
English
Title :
Dynamic modeling and optimal control strategy of waste heat recovery Organic Rankine Cycles
Publication date :
2011
Journal title :
Applied Energy
ISSN :
0306-2619
eISSN :
1872-9118
Publisher :
Elsevier Science
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Name of the research project :
TU München - Institute for Energy Systems
Available on ORBi :
since 11 January 2011

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