Reference : TEM1 beta-lactamase structure solved by molecular replacement and refined structure o...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
TEM1 beta-lactamase structure solved by molecular replacement and refined structure of the S235A mutant.
Fonze, E. [> > > >]
Charlier, Paulette mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > Cristallographie des macromolécules biologiques >]
To'th, Y. [> > > >]
Vermeire, M. [> > > >]
Raquet, X. [> > > >]
Dubus, Alice mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de chimie (sciences) > Département de chimie (sciences) >]
Frère, Jean-Marie mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Centre d'ingénierie des protéines >]
Acta Crystallographica Section D-Biological Crystallography
Blackwell Publishing
Pt 5
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] beta-Lactamases are bacterial enzymes which catalyse the hydrolysis of the beta-lactam ring of penicillins, cephalosporins and related compounds, thus inactivating these antibiotics. The crystal structure of the TEM1 beta-lactamase has been determined at 1.9 A resolution by the molecular-replacement method, using the atomic coordinates of two homologous beta-lactamase refined structures which show about 36% strict identity in their amino-acid sequences and 1.96 A r.m.s. deviation between equivalent Calpha atoms. The TEM1 enzyme crystallizes in space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) and there is one molecule per asymmetric unit. The structure was refined by simulated annealing to an R-factor of 15.6% for 15 086 reflections with I >/= 2sigma(I) in the resolution range 5.0-1.9 A. The final crystallographic structure contains 263 amino-acid residues, one sulfate anion in the catalytic cleft and 135 water molecules per asymmetric unit. The folding is very similar to that of the other known class A beta-lactamases. It consists of two domains, the first is formed by a five-stranded beta-sheet covered by three alpha-helices on one face and one alpha-helix on the other, the second domain contains mainly alpha-helices. The catalytic cleft is located at the interface between the two domains. We also report the crystallographic study of the TEM S235A mutant. This mutation of an active-site residue specifically decreases the acylation rate of cephalosporins. This TEM S235A mutant crystallizes under the same conditions as the wild-type protein and its structure was refined at 2.0 A resolution with an R value of 17.6%. The major modification is the appearance of a water molecule near the mutated residue, which is incompatible with the OG 235 present in the wild-type enzyme, and causes very small perturbations in the interaction network in the active site.

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