Reference : Verbal, Visual and Spatio-Sequential Short-Term Memory: Assessment of the Storage Cap...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Verbal, Visual and Spatio-Sequential Short-Term Memory: Assessment of the Storage Capacities of Children and Teenagers with Down Syndrome
Frenkel, Stéphanie mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychologie scolaire > >]
Bourdin, Béatrice mailto [Université de picardie Jules Verne > Faculté de psychologie et des Sciences de l'éducation > > >]
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Blackwell Publishing
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] Down's syndrome ; short term memory ; span
[en] Background It is recognized that individuals with Down’s syndrome have a specific deficit in verbal short-term memory. On the other hand, non-verbal short-term memory seems to be preserved or even be a strong point for these persons. Nevertheless, the extent and specificity of the deficit must be determined.To do so, we carried out a research programme that allowed us to simultaneously assess various short-term memory systems in a developmental perspective, and to compare our participants’ performance to that obtained by typically
developing individuals of the same mental age. Method Three span tasks are used (auditory word
span/visual patterns test/Corsi blocks task) with 54 children and teenagers with Down’s syndrome and 54 typically developing children as control group. Participants were matched according to their cognitive level. Results For the auditory word span task, participants
with Down’s syndrome obtained performances significantly lower than those of the typically developing participants. On the other hand, compared with typically developing children,
children and teenagers with Down’s syndrome have a spatio-sequential span significantly higher for the lowest developmental ages. No significant differences were found for visual span.
Conclusions Individuals with Down’s syndrome exhibited a distinctive pattern of memory performance, in addition to their developmental specificities.
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