Reference : "Fitness" versus "fatness": impacts cardio-metaboliques respectifs aux differents age...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Cardiovascular & respiratory systems
Human health sciences : Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition
"Fitness" versus "fatness": impacts cardio-metaboliques respectifs aux differents ages de la vie.
[en] Fitness versus fatness: respective cardiometabolic impacts at different age ranges
ESSER, Nathalie mailto [> > > >]
Paquot, Nicolas mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Diabétologie,nutrition, maladies métaboliques >]
Scheen, André mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Diabétologie, nutrition et maladie métaboliques - Médecine interne générale >]
Revue Médicale de Liège
Hopital de Baviere
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Adipose Tissue/metabolism ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Body Mass Index ; Body Weight ; Cardiovascular Diseases/metabolism/physiopathology/prevention & control ; Energy Metabolism ; Humans ; Metabolic Syndrome X/metabolism/prevention & control ; Middle Aged ; Obesity/metabolism/physiopathology/prevention & control ; Obesity, Abdominal/metabolism/prevention & control ; Physical Fitness ; Risk Factors ; Weight Loss
[en] Almost 35% of overweight or obese individuals are free of any metabolic disorder. This may be explained by a favourable fat distribution. However, those individuals also have a higher level of physical fitness. Therefore, deleterious cardiometabolic effects of excessive fat mass ("fatness") might be counterbalanced by regular physical activity leading to high cardiorespiratory fitness ("fitness"). The present article first analyzes the various pathophysiological mechanisms explaining why muscular exercise has beneficial effects and second, describes the relationship between "fitness" and "fatness" and their respective cardiometabolic consequences at various ages: adolescents, adults and elderly people.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students

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