Reference : Insidious dangers of benevolent sexism: Consequences for women's performance
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Social, industrial & organizational psychology
Insidious dangers of benevolent sexism: Consequences for women's performance
Dardenne, Benoît mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychologie sociale >]
Dumont, Muriel [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > >]
Bollier, Thierry [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > >]
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Amer Psychological Assoc/Educational Publishing Foundation
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] benevolent and hostile sexism ; discrimination ; performance and working memory ; ingroup identification ; sense of competence
[en] Four experiments found benevolent sexism to be worse than hostile sexism for women's cognitive performance. Experiments 1-2 showed effects of paternalist benevolent sexism and ruled out explanations of perceived sexism, context pleasantness, and performance motivation. Experiment 3 showed effects of both paternalist and complementary gender differentiation components of benevolent sexism. Benevolent sexism per se (rather than the provision of unsolicited help involved in paternalism) worsened performance. Experiment 4 showed that impaired performance due to benevolent sexism was fully mediated by the mental intrusions women experienced about their sense of competence. Additionally, Experiment 4 showed that gender identification protected against hostile but not benevolent sexism. Despite the apparently positive and inoffensive tone of benevolent sexism, our research emphasizes its insidious dangers.
Centre de Neurosciences Cognitives et Comportementales

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