Reference : Epilepsie chez des enfants infirmes moteurs-cérébraux
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Neurology
Human health sciences : Pediatrics
Epilepsie chez des enfants infirmes moteurs-cérébraux
[en] Epilepsy in children with cerebral palsy
Peduzzi, M. [> > > >]
Defontaine, E. [> > > >]
Misson, Jean-Paul mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Pédiatrie >]
Revue Médicale de Liège
Hopital de Baviere
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] cerebral palsy ; epilepsy ; intellectual quotient ; neonatal convulsions ; etiological factors
[en] The incidence of epilepsy in 110 patients with cerebral palsy (the majority with spastic tetraplegia) was 46,4%. Almost half of the patients with spastic tetraplegia (45%) and hemiplegia (52%) had epilepsy. The incidence was lower in patients with spastic diplegia (32%). Half of epilepsy in spastic hemiplegia were partial seizures and the other half consisted of generalized seizures, while generalized tonic-clonic episodes predominated in all other forms of C.P. A high incidence of West syndrome was observed in patients with spastic tetraplegia. Etiological factors of C.P. were perinatal in 75%. 16,65% had neonatal antecedents of convulsions; most of them had spastic tetraplegia (75%) and a significant mental retardation. A low intelligence quotient (I.Q.) was seen in most of the children with epilepsy, and patients with tetraplegia had significantly lower intelligence quotient than other groups.
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