Reference : Standardized evaluation of protein stability.
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Standardized evaluation of protein stability.
Thomas, Annick [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]
Joris, Bernard mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > Physiologie et génétique bactériennes - Centre d'ingénierie des protéines >]
Brasseur, Robert mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] We compare Mean Force Potential values of a large series of PDB models of proteins and peptides and find that either as monomers or polymers, proteins longer than 200-250 residues have equivalent MFP values that are averaged to -65+/-3kcal/aa. This value is named the standard or stability value. The standard value is reached irrespective of sequences and 3D folds. Peptides are too short to follow the rule and frequently exist as populations of conformers; one exception are peptides in amyloid fibrils. Fibrils surpass the standard value in accordance with their uppermost stability. In parallel, we calculate median MFP values of amino acids in stably folded PDB models of proteins: median values vary from -25 for Gly to -115kcal/aa for Trp. These median values are used to score primary sequences of proteins: all sequences converge to a mean value of -63.5+/-2.5kcal/aa i.e. only 1.5kcal less than the folded model standard. Sequences from unfolded proteins have lower values. This supports the conclusion that sequences carry in an important message and more specifically that diversity of amino acids in sequences is mandatory for stability. We also use the median amino acid MFP to score residue stability in 3D folds. This demonstrates that 3D folds are compromises between fragments of high and fragments of low scores and that functional residues are often, but not always in the extreme score values. The approach opens to possibilities of evaluating any 3D model, of detecting functional residues and should help in conducting mutation assays.
Copyright (c) 2009. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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