Available on ORBi since
27 January 2009
Article (Scientific journals)
Specific language impairment as systemic developmental disorders
Parisse, Christophe; Maillart, Christelle
2009In Journal of Neurolinguistics, 22 (2), p. 109-122
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi


Full Text
Author postprint (115.13 kB)

All documents in ORBi are protected by a user license.

Send to


Keywords :
Specific language impairment; language system; Developmental disorder
Abstract :
[en] Specific Language Impairment (SLI) is a disorder characterised by slow, abnormal language development. Most children with this disorder do not present any other cognitive or neurological deficits. There are many different pathological developmental profiles and switches from one profile to another often occur. An alternative would be to consider SLI as a generic name covering three developmental language disorders: developmental verbal dyspraxia, linguistic dysphasia, and pragmatic language impairment. The underlying cause of SLI is unknown and the numerous studies on the subject suggest that there is no single cause. We suggest that SLI is the result of an abnormal development of the language system, occurring when more than one part of the system fails, thus blocking the system’s natural compensation mechanisms. Since compensation also hinders linguistic evaluation, one possibility for diagnosis and remediation control is to assess basic cognitive abilities by non-linguistic means whenever possible. Neurological plausible bases for language and language development should also be taken into account to offer new hypotheses and research issues for future work on SLI.
Research center :
Disciplines :
Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Languages & linguistics
Author, co-author :
Parisse, Christophe
Maillart, Christelle  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cognitives > Logopédie clinique
Language :
Title :
Specific language impairment as systemic developmental disorders
Publication date :
March 2009
Journal title :
Journal of Neurolinguistics
Publisher :
Pergamon Press - An Imprint of Elsevier Science
Volume :
Issue :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi


Number of views
370 (33 by ULiège)
Number of downloads
514 (22 by ULiège)

Scopus citations®
Scopus citations®
without self-citations


Similar publications

Contact ORBi