Reference : Principal component analysis of Piezo-Sensor Array for damage localization
Scientific journals : Article
Engineering, computing & technology : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Engineering, computing & technology : Mechanical engineering
Principal component analysis of Piezo-Sensor Array for damage localization
De Boe, Pascal [Université de Liège - ULiège > > LTAS-Vibrations et Identification des Structures > >]
Golinval, Jean-Claude mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > LTAS - Vibrations et identification des structures >]
Structural Health Monitoring
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] damage detection ; damage localization ; distributed piezoelectric sensor ; principal component analysis ; subspace angles ; novelty indices
[en] This paper focuses on applying statistical process control techniques, based on principal component analysis, to vibration-based damage diagnosis. It is well known that localized structural damages with relative small amplitude do not affect much the global modal response of the structure, at least at low frequencies. Nevertheless, it can be expected that the local dynamic behavior of a damaged structural subcomponent is significantly affected. Assuming that each structural subcomponent is monitored, local structural damage, with relative small amplitude, will only affect a particular sensor without affecting significantly the response of the others. By applying a principal component analysis on the sensor time responses, it is possible to see that any change of one particular sensor will affect the subspace spanned by the complete sensor response set. The subspace corresponding to the damaged structure can then be compared with the subspace of an initial state in order to diagnose possible damage. The principal component analysis may also be performed for every potential subset of damaged sensors in order to identify the involved sensor, and, therefore, the damaged structural component. The spatial information given by the distributed sensors (e.g. piezoelectric laminates) can be used to forecast structural damages on a critical area but damage localization is also possible with classical sensors (e.g. accelerometers). The damage may be located as the errors attain the maximum at the sensors instrumented in the damaged substructures.
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