Article (Scientific journals)
Risk Factors for Late HIV Presentation in Patients Treated at a Single Belgian Reference Centre from 2018 to 2022.
Scaia, Damien; Fombellida, Karine; Maes, Nathalie et al.
2024In Infectious Disease Reports, 16 (2), p. 239 - 248
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Keywords :
AIDS; HIV; advanced HIV; delayed HIV diagnosis; late presentation; risk factors
Abstract :
[en] A late HIV diagnosis is associated with increased mortality and morbidity, increased healthcare costs and increased onward viral transmission. In this regard, we retrospectively analysed the characteristics of patients who presented for care at our centre from January 2018 to December 2022 to assess the proportion of patients and factors associated with late HIV presentation. We collected data from the Liège University Hospital database, and we used binary logistic regression models to analyse the impact of individuals' characteristics on late presentation. Among 167 participants, 38.3% were late presenters (LPs) (presenting for care with a CD4+ T-cell count < 350 cells/mm3 or after an AIDS-defining event), and 21.6% were late presenters with advanced disease (LPs-AD) (presenting for care with a CD4+ T-cell count < 200 cells/mm3 or after an AIDS-defining event). The risk of being an LPs-AD was increased in older individuals (OR on log-transformed age: 7.5) and individuals of sub-Saharan African origin compared to individuals of Belgian or other origin (ORs of 0.30 and 0.25, respectively). The results of this study suggest that broadening the focus beyond the previously common risk groups is essential to prevent late diagnosis.
Disciplines :
Immunology & infectious disease
Author, co-author :
Scaia, Damien;  Public Health Science Department, University of Liège, 4000 Liège, Belgium
Fombellida, Karine;  Infectious Diseases Department, Liège University Hospital, 4000 Liège, Belgium
Maes, Nathalie  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la santé publique
El Moussaoui, Majdouline  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Immunopathologie - Maladies infectieuses et médecine interne générale
Darcis, Gilles  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques
Language :
English
Title :
Risk Factors for Late HIV Presentation in Patients Treated at a Single Belgian Reference Centre from 2018 to 2022.
Publication date :
14 March 2024
Journal title :
Infectious Disease Reports
ISSN :
2036-7430
eISSN :
2036-7449
Publisher :
MDPI AG, Switzerland
Volume :
16
Issue :
2
Pages :
239 - 248
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
Leon Fredericq Foundation [BE]
Available on ORBi :
since 04 May 2024

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