Article (Scientific journals)
Comparison of clinical scores in their ability to detect hypoxemic severe OSA patients.
Deflandre, Eric; Piette, Nicolas; Bonhomme, Vincent et al.
2018In PLoS ONE, 13 (5), p. 0196270
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Keywords :
Adult; Aged; Body Mass Index; Female; Humans; Hypoxia/complications; Male; Mass Screening/methods; Middle Aged; Polysomnography/methods; Prospective Studies; Risk Factors; Sensitivity and Specificity; Severity of Illness Index; Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications; Snoring/complications; Surveys and Questionnaires; Predictive Value of Tests; Hypoxia; Mass Screening; Polysomnography; Sleep Apnea, Obstructive; Snoring; Multidisciplinary
Abstract :
[en] [en] BACKGROUND: Severe obstructive sleep apnea (sOSA) and preoperative hypoxemia are risk factors of postoperative complications. Patients exhibiting the combination of both factors are probably at higher perioperative risk. Four scores (STOP-Bang, P-SAP, OSA50, and DES-OSA) are currently used to detect OSA patients preoperatively. This study compared their ability to specifically detect hypoxemic sOSA patients. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-nine patients scheduled for an overnight polysomnography (PSG) were prospectively enrolled. The ability of the four scores to predict the occurrence of hypoxemic episodes in sOSA patients was compared using sensitivity (Se), specificity (Sp), Youden Index, Cohen kappa coefficient, and the area under ROC curve (AUROC) analyses. RESULTS: OSA50 elicited the highest Se [95% CI] at detecting hypoxemic sOSA patients (1 [0.89-1]) and was significantly more sensitive than STOP-Bang in that respect. DES-OSA was significantly more specific (0.58 [0.49-0.66]) than the three other scores. The Youden Index of DES-OSA (1.45 [1.33-1.58]) was significantly higher than those of STOP-Bang, P-SAP, and OSA50. The AUROC of DES-OSA (0.8 [0.71-0.89]) was significantly the largest. The highest Kappa value was obtained for DES-OSA (0.33 [0.21-0.45]) and was significantly higher than those of STOP-Bang, and OSA50. CONCLUSIONS: In our population, DES-OSA appears to be more effective than the three other scores to specifically detect hypoxemic sOSA patients. However prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings in a perioperative setting. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02050685.
Disciplines :
Anesthesia & intensive care
Author, co-author :
Deflandre, Eric ;  Department of Anesthesia, Clinique Saint-Luc of Bouge, Namur, Belgium ; Department of Anesthesia, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium ; Cabinet Medical ASTES, Jambes, Namur, Belgium
Piette, Nicolas ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service d'anesthésie - réanimation
Bonhomme, Vincent  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service d'anesthésie - réanimation
Degey, Stephanie;  Cabinet Medical ASTES, Jambes, Namur, Belgium
Cambron, Laurent;  Sleep Laboratory Centre (CETES), University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
Poirrier, Robert;  Sleep Laboratory Centre (CETES), University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
Brichant, Jean-François ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service d'anesthésie - réanimation
Joris, Jean ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la santé publique
Language :
English
Title :
Comparison of clinical scores in their ability to detect hypoxemic severe OSA patients.
Publication date :
2018
Journal title :
PLoS ONE
eISSN :
1932-6203
Publisher :
Public Library of Science, United States
Volume :
13
Issue :
5
Pages :
e0196270
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 24 November 2023

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