Article (Scientific journals)
The nature of consciousness in anaesthesia.
Montupil, Javier; Cardone, Paolo; Staquet, Cécile et al.
2023In BJA Open, 8, p. 100224
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Keywords :
brain function; consciousness; general anaesthesia; mechanisms; theories
Abstract :
[en] Neuroscientists agree on the value of locating the source of consciousness within the brain. Anaesthesiologists are no exception, and have their own operational definition of consciousness based on phenomenological observations during anaesthesia. The full functional correlates of consciousness are yet to be precisely identified, however rapidly evolving progress in this scientific domain has yielded several theories that attempt to model the generation of consciousness. They have received variable support from experimental observations, including those involving anaesthesia and its ability to reversibly modulate different aspects of consciousness. Aside from the interest in a better understanding of the mechanisms of consciousness, exploring the functional tenets of the phenomenological consciousness states of general anaesthesia has the potential to ultimately improve patient management. It could facilitate the design of specific monitoring devices and approaches, aiming at reliably detecting each of the possible states of consciousness during an anaesthetic procedure, including total absence of mental content (unconsciousness), and internal awareness (sensation of self and internal thoughts) with or without conscious perception of the environment (connected or disconnected consciousness, respectively). Indeed, it must be noted that unresponsiveness is not sufficient to infer absence of connectedness or even absence of consciousness. This narrative review presents the current knowledge in this field from a system-level, underlining the contribution of anaesthesia studies in supporting theories of consciousness, and proposing directions for future research.
Disciplines :
Neurosciences & behavior
Author, co-author :
Montupil, Javier  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service d'anesthésie - réanimation ; Anesthesia and Perioperative Neuroscience Laboratory, Liege, Belgium ; Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Liege, Belgium
Cardone, Paolo  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Consciousness - Coma Science Group
Staquet, Cécile  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service d'anesthésie - réanimation ; Anesthesia and Perioperative Neuroscience Laboratory, Liege, Belgium ; Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Liege, Belgium
Bonhomme, Arthur;  Coma Science Group, GIGA-Consciousness Thematic Unit, GIGA-Research, Liege University, Liege, Belgium
DEFRESNE, Aline  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service d'anesthésie - réanimation ; Anesthesia and Perioperative Neuroscience Laboratory, Liege, Belgium ; Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Liege, Belgium
Martial, Charlotte  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Consciousness - Coma Science Group
Alnagger, Naji ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Consciousness - Coma Science Group
Gosseries, Olivia  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Consciousness - Coma Science Group
Bonhomme, Vincent  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service d'anesthésie - réanimation ; Anesthesia and Perioperative Neuroscience Laboratory, Liege, Belgium ; Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Liege, Belgium
Language :
English
Title :
The nature of consciousness in anaesthesia.
Publication date :
2023
Journal title :
BJA Open
eISSN :
2772-6096
Publisher :
Elsevier BV, England
Volume :
8
Pages :
100224
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 10 November 2023

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