Article (Scientific journals)
Method for quantifying arousal and consciousness in healthy states and severe brain injury via EEG-based measures of corticothalamic physiology.
Assadzadeh, S; Annen, Jitka; Sanz, Leandro et al.
2023In Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 398, p. 109958
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Keywords :
Arousal state; Classification; Consciousness; Electroencephalography; Modeling; General Neuroscience
Abstract :
[en] [en] BACKGROUND: Characterization of normal arousal states has been achieved by fitting predictions of corticothalamic neural field theory (NFT) to electroencephalographic (EEG) spectra to yield relevant physiological parameters. NEW METHOD: A prior fitting method is extended to distinguish conscious and unconscious states in healthy and brain injured subjects by identifying additional parameters and clusters in parameter space. RESULTS: Fits of NFT predictions to EEG spectra are used to estimate neurophysiological parameters in healthy and brain injured subjects. Spectra are used from healthy subjects in wake and sleep and from patients with unresponsive wakefulness syndrome, in a minimally conscious state (MCS), and emerged from MCS. Subjects cluster into three groups in parameter space: conscious healthy (wake and REM), sleep, and brain injured. These are distinguished by the difference X-Y between corticocortical (X) and corticothalamic (Y) feedbacks, and by mean neural response rates α and β to incoming spikes. X-Y tracks consciousness in healthy individuals, with smaller values in wake/REM than sleep, but cannot distinguish between brain injuries. Parameters α and β differentiate deep sleep from wake/REM and brain injury. COMPARISON WITH EXISTING METHODS: Other methods typically rely on laborious clinical assessment, manual EEG scoring, or evaluation of measures like Φ from integrated information theory, for which no efficient method exists. In contrast, the present method can be automated on a personal computer. CONCLUSION: The method provides a means to quantify consciousness and arousal in healthy and brain injured subjects, but does not distinguish subtypes of brain injury.
Disciplines :
Neurology
Author, co-author :
Assadzadeh, S ;  School of Physics, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia, Center for Integrative Brain Function, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Annen, Jitka   ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Consciousness - Coma Science Group
Sanz, Leandro  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Consciousness - Coma Science Group
Barra, Alice  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Consciousness - Coma Science Group
Bonin, E;  Coma Science Group, GIGA-Consciousness, University of Liège, Belgium, Centre du Cerveau, University Hospital of Liège, Belgium
Thibaut, Aurore ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Consciousness - Coma Science Group
Boly, M;  Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA, Department of Neurology, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
Laureys, Steven  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Centre du Cerveau²
Gosseries, Olivia   ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Consciousness - Coma Science Group
Robinson, P A ;  School of Physics, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia, Center for Integrative Brain Function, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. Electronic address: peter.robinson@sydney.edu.au
 These authors have contributed equally to this work.
Language :
English
Title :
Method for quantifying arousal and consciousness in healthy states and severe brain injury via EEG-based measures of corticothalamic physiology.
Publication date :
01 September 2023
Journal title :
Journal of Neuroscience Methods
ISSN :
0165-0270
Publisher :
Elsevier BV, Netherlands
Volume :
398
Pages :
109958
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 11 September 2023

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