Article (Scientific journals)
Comparative assessment of night ventilation performance in a nearly zero-energy office building during heat waves in Brussels
Amaripadath, Deepak; Paolini, Riccardo; Sailor, David J. et al.
2023In Journal of Building Engineering, 78, p. 107611
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Keywords :
Natural night ventilation; Mechanical night ventilation; Overheating; Microclimates; Thermal-energy simulations
Abstract :
[en] With increasing urbanization, overheating intensifies, resulting in a greater risk of indoor overheating in commercial buildings, which already have high internal gains. The impact of urban climate on the cooling energy needs of buildings has been extensively researched. However, the building performance during extreme heat events needs further investigation to reduce the energy demand from the grid during critical events and to ensure an acceptable indoor thermal environment. Here, a comparative assessment approach for natural and mechanical night ventilation performance to reduce indoor overheating and energy needs of a nearly zero-energy office building in Brussels, Belgium, was evaluated for the heat wave and non-heat wave periods in urban and rural microclimates, using calibrated thermal-energy simulations. The analysis indicated that active cooling with natural night ventilation was more effective during heat waves than other cooling strategies. In addition, natural night ventilation was also effective in maintaining safer levels of heat index values in the reference office compared to other strategies. Natural night ventilation reduced overheating by 0.39 °C in the urban microclimate and 0.50 °C in the rural microclimate relative to the Baseline. Considering the cooling energy use, natural night ventilation had no significant impact. In contrast, mechanical night ventilation increased energy use by 0.54 kWh/m2 in urban microclimate and 0.40 kWh/m2 in rural microclimate due to prolonged ventilation fan operation in the reference office building. The presented findings in the paper lead to the formulation of design guidelines, recommendations for future practices and identifying needs for further research.
Research center :
Sustainable Building Design Lab
Disciplines :
Civil engineering
Author, co-author :
Amaripadath, Deepak  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Urban and Environmental Engineering
Paolini, Riccardo 
Sailor, David J. 
Attia, Shady  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département ArGEnCo > Techniques de construction des bâtiments
Language :
Title :
Comparative assessment of night ventilation performance in a nearly zero-energy office building during heat waves in Brussels
Publication date :
01 November 2023
Journal title :
Journal of Building Engineering
Publisher :
Elsevier BV
Volume :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Name of the research project :
Project SurChauffe
Funders :
SPW - Service Public de Wallonie [BE]
MK Engineering [BE]
Funding number :
Funding text :
The authors declare that financial support was provided by the Walloon Public Service and MK Engineering, Belgium. The funders had no role in the study design, in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data, in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results.
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since 22 August 2023


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