Article (Scientific journals)
What is the nutritional status of patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness? A retrospective cross-sectional study.
Ippoliti, Camilla; FADEUR, Marjorie; MALHERBE, Christian et al.
2023In Brain Injury, 37 (1), p. 54 - 62
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Keywords :
BMI; MCS; UWS; nutrition; spastic muscle overactivity; Female; Humans; Retrospective Studies; Cross-Sectional Studies; Prognosis; Persistent Vegetative State/etiology; Persistent Vegetative State/diagnosis; Consciousness/physiology; Nutritional Status; Consciousness Disorders/etiology; Consciousness Disorders/diagnosis; Consciousness; Consciousness Disorders; Persistent Vegetative State; Neuroscience (miscellaneous); Developmental and Educational Psychology; Neurology (clinical)
Abstract :
[en] ("[en] BACKGROUND: Nutritional status of patients with disorders of consciousness (DoC) is poorly studied. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between nutritional status (body mass index, daily calories intake) and clinical variables (level of consciousness, time since injury, diagnosis, etiology and spastic muscle overactivity; SMO,) in patients with prolonged DoCor emerging. Our main hypotheses are i) patients with lower level of consciousness (UWS) have worse nutritional status compared to patients in minimally conscious state (MCS) and ii) SMO could influence nutritional status. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among the 80 patients included in the study (19 UWS, 47 MCS, 14 emerging MCS; 43 ± 15 yo; 3 ± 4 years post-injury, 35 traumatic etiology, 34 females), 9% were at risk to be undernourished, with no differences between UWS and MCS. Patients without SMO had a higher BMI compared to patients with severe SMO. Compared to the recommended daily calories intake, patients with the highest BMI received less calories and patients with the lowest BMI received more calories. We observed a negative correlation between SMO (in lower limbs) and BMI. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that most patients are well nourished, independently from the level of consciousness. SMO may require additional calories in patients' daily needs; however, longitudinal studies are needed to explore the causal relationship between these variables.","[en] ","")
Disciplines :
Neurosciences & behavior
Author, co-author :
Ippoliti, Camilla ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Consciousness - Coma Science Group
FADEUR, Marjorie ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de diabétologie, nutrition, maladies métaboliques
MALHERBE, Christian ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Secteur diététique
DE FLINES, Jenny ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de diabétologie, nutrition, maladies métaboliques
Verbrugge, Anne-Marie ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Secteur diététique
Gosseries, Olivia  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Consciousness - Coma Science Group
Ledoux, Didier  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service des soins intensifs
Misset, Benoît ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service des soins intensifs
Laureys, Steven  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Centre du Cerveau²
Paquot, Nicolas ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de diabétologie, nutrition, maladies métaboliques
Thibaut, Aurore ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > GIGA > GIGA Consciousness - Coma Science Group
Language :
English
Title :
What is the nutritional status of patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness? A retrospective cross-sectional study.
Publication date :
02 January 2023
Journal title :
Brain Injury
ISSN :
0269-9052
eISSN :
1362-301X
Publisher :
Taylor and Francis Ltd., England
Volume :
37
Issue :
1
Pages :
54 - 62
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funding text :
The author(s) reported that there is no funding associated with the work featured in this article. The study was supported by the University and University Hospital of Liege, the Belgian National Funds for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS), the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Framework Program for Research and Innovation under the Specific Grant Agreement No. 945539 (Human Brain Project SGA3), the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (BELSPO) in the framework of the PRODEX Program, ‘Fondazione Europea di RicercaBiomedica,’ the BIAL Foundation, the Mind Science Foundation and the European Commission, the fund Generet, the Mind Care International Foundation, the King Baudouin Foundation, and DOCMA project [EU-H2020-MSCA-RISE-778234]. We are highly grateful to the members of the Liège Coma Science Group for their assistance in clinical evaluations. We also thank the patients and their families. OG and AT are research associates, and SL is research director at F.R.S-FNRS.
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