[en] Breast cancer (BC) is a heterogeneous disease that can be triggered by genetic alterations in mammary epithelial cells, leading to diverse disease outcomes in individual patients. The metabolic heterogeneity of BC enhances its ability to adapt to changes in the tumor microenvironment and metabolic stress, but unfavorably affects the patient's therapy response, prognosis and clinical effect. Extrinsic factors from the tumor microenvironment and the intrinsic parameters of cancer cells influence their mitochondrial functions, which consequently alter their lipid metabolism and their ability to proliferate, migrate and survive in a harsh environment. The balanced interplay between mitochondria and fatty acid synthesis or fatty acid oxidation has been attributed to a combination of environmental factors and to the genetic makeup, oncogenic signaling and activities of different transcription factors. Hence, understanding the mechanisms underlying lipid metabolic heterogeneity and alterations in BC is gaining interest as a major target for drug resistance. Here we review the major recent reports on lipid metabolism heterogeneity and bring to light knowledge on the functional contribution of diverse lipid metabolic pathways to breast tumorigenesis and therapy resistance.
Funding text :
This research was supported by grants from the National Fund for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS), Belgium, PDR # T.023020; PDR-TLV; CDR# J.0178.22, CDR#32801162. Grant from Breast Cancer Now UK, # 2018NovPCC1285. Grants from University of Liège, credit sectorial and from Leon Fredericq Foundation, Liège, Belgium.