Article (Scientific journals)
Experimental investigation of structural failure during the cooling phase of a fire: Concrete columns
Gernay, Thomas; Franssen, Jean-Marc; Robert, Fabienne et al.
2022In Fire Safety Journal, 134, p. 103691
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Keywords :
Burnout resistance; Concrete columns; Cooling phase; Fire tests; Numerical model; Structural failure; Concrete column; Experimental investigations; Experimental test; Furnace tests; Test designs; Test protocols; Chemistry (all); Building and Construction; Materials Science (all); Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality; Physics and Astronomy (all); General Physics and Astronomy; General Materials Science; General Chemistry
Abstract :
[en] Structures may collapse during the cooling phase of a fire, yet standard furnace tests only measure the response under heating. There lacks experimental test protocols and design methods to assess resistance until burnout. This paper describes a new experimental approach for burnout resistance evaluation, reports experimental data on loaded reinforced concrete columns in furnace tests with cooling down phases, and presents numerical models of the tests. The test results show that columns designed for a standard fire resistance of 60 min exhibited a fire resistance of 83 min in the furnace but failed during the cooling phase when the burners were shut off after 72 min while the load was maintained. Two other specimens survived exposure to heating of 45 and 55 min, respectively, and their residual capacity was measured. Finite element analyses show agreement with the tests, showing applicability of numerical methods for evaluating burnout resistance of concrete columns. These findings demonstrate experimentally that delayed thermal-mechanical effects can jeopardize structural stability in real fires, and provide a framework to measure these effects. Moving beyond fire resistance to quantify the response until burnout will support designs for safety of occupants and firefighters throughout the fire and promote repairability and resilience.
Disciplines :
Civil engineering
Author, co-author :
Gernay, Thomas  ;  Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, United States
Franssen, Jean-Marc   ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département ArGEnCo > Ingénierie du feu ; Liege University, Belgium
Robert, Fabienne;  CERIB Fire Testing Centre, France
McNamee, Robert;  RISE Research Institutes, Lund, Sweden ; Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Felicetti, Roberto;  Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Bamonte, Patrick;  Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Brunkhorst, Sven;  Technische Universität Braunschweig (iBMB), Braunschweig, Germany
Mohaine, Siyimane;  CERIB Fire Testing Centre, France
Zehfuß, Jochen;  Technische Universität Braunschweig (iBMB), Braunschweig, Germany
 These authors have contributed equally to this work.
Language :
Title :
Experimental investigation of structural failure during the cooling phase of a fire: Concrete columns
Alternative titles :
[fr] Recherches expérimentales concernant la ruine structurelle durant la phase de refroidissement d'un incendie: colonnes en béton
Publication date :
December 2022
Journal title :
Fire Safety Journal
Publisher :
Elsevier Ltd
Volume :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Name of the research project :
Funding text :
The support from the project partners is gratefully acknowledged: Johns Hopkins University through the startup grant for Dr. Gernay; CERIB, Fire Testing Centre; Liege University ; RISE Research Institutes of Sweden; the Institute of Building Materials, Concrete Construction and Fire Safety of Technische Universität Braunschweig, Division of Fire Safety; and Politecnico di Milano.
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since 09 December 2022


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