Article (Scientific journals)
Laser dentistry in daily practice during the COVID-19 pandemic: Benefits, risks and recommendations for safe treatments.
Arnabat-Dominguez, Josep; Vecchio, Alessandro Del; Todea, Carmen et al.
2021In Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine, 30 (2), p. 119-125
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Keywords :
COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; dentistry; laser; safety; COVID-19/prevention & control; COVID-19/transmission; Dental Care/methods; Dental Care/organization & administration; Dentistry; Humans; Infection Control/standards; Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control; Laser Therapy/standards; Pandemics; Personal Protective Equipment; Practice Guidelines as Topic; Safety Management/methods; Dental Care; Infection Control; Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional; Laser Therapy; Safety Management; Medicine (miscellaneous); Internal Medicine; Pharmacology (medical); Reviews and References (medical)
Abstract :
[en] ("[en] The COVID-19 pandemic forced dental professionals to cope with an unexpected challenge and caused an abrupt cessation of conventional care practices. The high degree of contagiousness as well as the diffusion of the virus through the air and droplets via respiratory transmission placed dental professionals at top-level risk of contracting and spreading the disease. General recommendations were announced in different countries, including patient distancing, air ventilation, surface and instrument sanitization, and the wearing of suitable masks and shields. However, many dental treatments are performed using lasers, and some specific precautions must be added to conventional procedures to ensure the advantages of this technology to patients because of the particular tissue–matter interaction effects of laser wavelengths. Based on the literature, the authors evaluated all of using laser wavelengths to analyze the risk and the benefits of using lasers in daily dental practice, and to provide safety recommendations during pandemic. An unrestricted search of indexed databases was performed. Laser use effects were categorized into: 1) explosive processes that produce tissue ablation and aerosol formation; 2) thermal actions that create vaporization and smoke plume; 3) photobiomodulation of the cells; and 4) enhanced chemical activity. Knowledge of the device functions and choice of adequate parameters will reduce aerosol and plume formation, and the application of suction systems with high flow volume and good filtration close to the surgical site will avoid virus dissemination during laser use. In the categories that involve low energy, the beneficial effects of lasers are available and sometimes preferable during this pandemic because only conventional precautions are required. Lasers maintain the potential to add benefits to dental practice even in the COVID-19 era, but it is necessary to know how lasers work to utilize these advantages. The great potential of laser light, with undiscovered limits, may provide a different path to face the severe health challenges of this pandemic.","[en] ","")
Disciplines :
Dentistry & oral medicine
Author, co-author :
Arnabat-Dominguez, Josep ;  Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, University of Barcelona, Spain
Vecchio, Alessandro Del;  Department of Oral Sciences and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Todea, Carmen ;  School of Dentistry, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timișoara, Romania
Grzech-Leśniak, Kinga ;  Laser Laboratory, Department of Oral Surgery, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland
Vescovi, Paolo ;  Department of Medicine and Surgery, Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit, Centro Universitario di Odontoiatria, University of Parma, Italy
Romeo, Umberto ;  Department of Oral Sciences and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Namour, Samir  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences dentaires
Language :
English
Title :
Laser dentistry in daily practice during the COVID-19 pandemic: Benefits, risks and recommendations for safe treatments.
Publication date :
2021
Journal title :
Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine
ISSN :
1899-5276
eISSN :
2451-2680
Publisher :
Wroclaw University of Medicine, Poland
Volume :
30
Issue :
2
Pages :
119-125
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 04 November 2022

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