Article (Scientific journals)
Reduced Nucleotides, Thiols and O2 in Cellular Redox Balance: a Biochemist’s View
Bettendorff, Lucien
2022In Antioxidants, 11, p. 1877
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Keywords :
glutathione; thiols; NADH; FADH2; oxidative stress; reactive oxygen species; mitochondria
Abstract :
[en] In the present review, which is aimed at researchers, teachers and students in life sciences, we try to show how the physicochemical properties of the elements and molecules define the concept of redox balance. Living organism are open systems traversed by fluxes of energy and matter. Dur-ing catabolic oxidative metabolism, matter, mostly hydrogenated organic molecules are oxi-dized and ultimately released as CO2. Electrons are passed over to coupling molecules, such as NAD+ and FAD, whose reduced forms serve as electrons donors in anabolic reactions. Early photosynthetic activity led to the accumulation of O2 and the transformation of the reducing to an oxidizing atmosphere, favoring the development of oxidative metabolism in living organisms. We focus on the specific properties of O2 which provides the chemical energy for the combustion reactions occurring in living cells. We explain the concepts of redox potential and redox balance in complex systems such as living cells and we present the main redox couples involved in cellu-lar redox balance and discuss the chemical properties underlying their cellular roles and, in par-ticular, their antioxidant properties in the defense against reactive oxygen species (ROS). Finally, we try to provide an integrative view emphasizing the interplay between metabolism, oxidative stress and metabolic compartmentation in mammalian cells.
Research center :
Giga-Neurosciences - ULiège
Disciplines :
Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Author, co-author :
Bettendorff, Lucien  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Biochimie et physiologie humaine et pathologique
Language :
English
Title :
Reduced Nucleotides, Thiols and O2 in Cellular Redox Balance: a Biochemist’s View
Publication date :
September 2022
Journal title :
Antioxidants
eISSN :
2076-3921
Publisher :
MDPI AG, Switzerland
Volume :
11
Pages :
1877
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
F.R.S.-FNRS - Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique [BE]
Funding text :
L.B. is Research Director at the Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique—FNRS (Belgium).
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since 16 September 2022

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