Article (Scientific journals)
Co-limitation towards lower latitudes shapes global forest diversity gradients.
Liang, Jingjing; Gamarra, Javier G P; Picard, Nicolas et al.
2022In Nature Ecology and Evolution
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Keywords :
Ecology; Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Abstract :
[en] The latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG) is one of the most recognized global patterns of species richness exhibited across a wide range of taxa. Numerous hypotheses have been proposed in the past two centuries to explain LDG, but rigorous tests of the drivers of LDGs have been limited by a lack of high-quality global species richness data. Here we produce a high-resolution (0.025° × 0.025°) map of local tree species richness using a global forest inventory database with individual tree information and local biophysical characteristics from ~1.3 million sample plots. We then quantify drivers of local tree species richness patterns across latitudes. Generally, annual mean temperature was a dominant predictor of tree species richness, which is most consistent with the metabolic theory of biodiversity (MTB). However, MTB underestimated LDG in the tropics, where high species richness was also moderated by topographic, soil and anthropogenic factors operating at local scales. Given that local landscape variables operate synergistically with bioclimatic factors in shaping the global LDG pattern, we suggest that MTB be extended to account for co-limitation by subordinate drivers.
Disciplines :
Environmental sciences & ecology
Author, co-author :
Liang, Jingjing ;  Forest Advanced Computing and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (FACAI), Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA. albeca.liang@gmail.com
Gamarra, Javier G P;  Forestry Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy
Picard, Nicolas ;  GIP ECOFOR, Paris, France
Zhou, Mo;  Forest Advanced Computing and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (FACAI), Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Pijanowski, Bryan;  Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Jacobs, Douglass F ;  Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Reich, Peter B ;  Institute for Global Change Biology, School for Environment and Sustainability, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, USA ; Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Penrith, New South Wales, Australia
Crowther, Thomas W ;  Crowther Lab, Department of Environmental Systems Science, Institute of Integrative Biology, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Nabuurs, Gert-Jan ;  Wageningen Environmental Research, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, Netherlands ; Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, Netherlands
de-Miguel, Sergio ;  Department of Crop and Forest Sciences, University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain ; Joint Research Unit CTFC-Agrotecnio-CERCA, Solsona, Spain
Fang, Jingyun;  Institute of Ecology and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, College of Urban and Evironmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China
Woodall, Christopher W;  Northern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Durham, NH, USA
Svenning, Jens-Christian ;  Center for Biodiversity Dynamics in a Changing World (BIOCHANGE), Department of Biology, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, Denmark ; Section for Ecoinformatics and Biodiversity, Department of Biology, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, Denmark
Jucker, Tommaso ;  School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Bastin, Jean-François  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > TERRA Research Centre > Biodiversité et Paysage
Wiser, Susan K ;  Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research, Lincoln, New Zealand
Slik, Ferry;  Environmental and Life Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Gadong, Brunei Darussalam
Hérault, Bruno ;  Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, Montpellier, France ; INP-HB (Institut National Polytechnique Félix Houphouet-Boigny), University of Montpellier, Yamoussoukro, Ivory Coast
Alberti, Giorgio;  Department of Agricultural, Food, Environmental and Animal Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy ; Faculty of Science and Technology, Free University of Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy ; Institute of Bioeconomy, CNR, Sesto, Italy
Keppel, Gunnar ;  Natural and Built Environments Research Centre, School of Natural and Built Environments, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Hengeveld, Geerten M ;  Biometris, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, Netherlands ; Wageningen University & Research, Forest and Nature Conservation Policy Group, Wageningen, Netherlands
Ibisch, Pierre L ;  Centre for Econics and Ecosystem Management, Eberswalde University for Sustainable Development, Eberswalde, Germany
Silva, Carlos A;  School of Forest, Fisheries, and Geomatics Sciences, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
Ter Steege, Hans ;  Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, Netherlands
Peri, Pablo L;  Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), Santa Cruz, Argentina
Coomes, David A ;  Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Searle, Eric B ;  Faculty of Natural Resources Management, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada
von Gadow, Klaus ;  University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany ; Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China ; University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa
Jaroszewicz, Bogdan ;  Białowieża Geobotanical Station, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Białowieża, Poland
Abbasi, Akane O ;  Forest Advanced Computing and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (FACAI), Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Abegg, Meinrad ;  Swiss National Forest Inventory/Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL, Birmensdorf, Switzerland
Yao, Yves C Adou;  UFR Biosciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Aguirre-Gutiérrez, Jesús ;  Environmental Change Institute, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK ; Biodiversity Dynamics, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, Netherlands
Zambrano, Angelica M Almeyda;  Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
Altman, Jan ;  Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Trebon, Czech Republic ; Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Praha-Suchdol, Czech Republic
Alvarez-Dávila, Esteban;  Escuela ECAPMA, National Open University and Distance (Colombia) | UNAD, Bogotá, Colombia
Álvarez-González, Juan Gabriel;  Departamento de Ingeniería Agroforestal, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, Spain
Alves, Luciana F ;  Center for Tropical Research, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Amani, Bienvenu H K ;  Université Jean Lorougnon Guédé, Daloa, Ivory Coast
Amani, Christian A;  Université Officielle de Bukavu, Bukavu, Democratic Republic of Congo
Ammer, Christian ;  Silviculture and Forest Ecology of the Temperate Zones, University of Göttingen, Goettingen, Germany
Ilondea, Bhely Angoboy;  Institut National pour l'Etude et la Recherche Agronomiques, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo
Antón-Fernández, Clara ;  Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO), Division of Forestry and Forest Resources, Ås, Norway
Avitabile, Valerio ;  European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy
Aymard, Gerardo A;  Compensation International Progress S.A., Bogotá, Colombia
Azihou, Akomian F ;  Laboratory of Applied Ecology, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Baard, Johan A;  Scientific Services, South African National Parks, Knysna, South Africa
Baker, Timothy R ;  School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
Balazy, Radomir;  Department of Geomatics, Forest Research Institute, Sekocin Stary, Raszyn, Poland
Bastian, Meredith L ;  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, USA ; Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Batumike, Rodrigue;  Department of Environment, Universtité du Cinquantenaire de Lwiro, Bukavu, Democratic Republic of Congo
Bauters, Marijn ;  Department of Environment, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium ; Department of Green Chemistry and Technology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Beeckman, Hans ;  Service of Wood Biology, Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren, Belgium
Benu, Nithanel Mikael Hendrik;  Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan, Manokwari, Indonesia
Bitariho, Robert ;  Institute of Tropical Forest Conservation, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda
Boeckx, Pascal ;  Department of Green Chemistry and Technology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Bogaert, Jan  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département GxABT > Biodiversité et Paysage
Bongers, Frans ;  Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, Netherlands
Bouriaud, Olivier ;  Integrated Center for Research, Development and Innovation in Advanced Materials, Nanotechnologies, and Distributed Systems for Fabrication and Control (MANSiD), University Stefan cel Mare of Suceava, Suceava, Romania
Brancalion, Pedro H S;  Department of Forestry Sciences, 'Luiz de Queiroz' College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, Brazil
Brandl, Susanne;  Bavarian State Institute of Forestry, Freising, Germany
Brearley, Francis Q;  Department of Natural Sciences, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK
Briseno-Reyes, Jaime;  Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Durango, Mexico
Broadbent, Eben N;  School of Forest, Fisheries, and Geomatics Sciences, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
Bruelheide, Helge ;  Institute of Biology and Botanical Garden, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany ; German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
Bulte, Erwin ;  Development Economics Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands
Catlin, Ann Christine;  Rosen Center for Advanced Computing (RCAC), Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Cazzolla Gatti, Roberto ;  Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences (BiGeA), University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
César, Ricardo G;  Department of Forestry Sciences, 'Luiz de Queiroz' College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, Brazil
Chen, Han Y H ;  Faculty of Natural Resources Management, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada
Chisholm, Chelsea ;  Institute of Integrative Biology, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Cienciala, Emil ;  IFER - Institute of Forest Ecosystem Research, Jilove u Prahy, Czech Republic ; Global Change Research Institute of the CAS, Brno, Czech Republic
Colletta, Gabriel D;  Programa de Pós-graduação em Biologia Vegetal, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas CEP, Biologia, Brazil
Corral-Rivas, José Javier ;  Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Durango, Mexico
Cuchietti, Anibal ;  Dirección Nacional de Bosques (DNB), Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible (MAyDS), Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Cuni-Sanchez, Aida;  Department of International Environment and Development Studies (Noragric), Faculty of Landscape and Society, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Ås, Norway ; Department of Environment and Geography, University of York, York, UK
Dar, Javid A ;  Department of Environmental Science, School of Engineering and Sciences, SRM University-AP, Guntur, India ; Department of Botany, Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Madhya Pradesh, India ; Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India
Dayanandan, Selvadurai;  Centre for Structural and Functional Genomics & Quebec Centre for Biodiversity Science, Biology Department, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
de Haulleville, Thales;  Service of Wood Biology, Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren, Belgium ; Université de Liège, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Gembloux, Belgium
Decuyper, Mathieu ;  Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, Netherlands
Delabye, Sylvain;  Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic ; Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Entomology, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
Derroire, Géraldine ;  Cirad, UMR EcoFoG (AgroParistech, CNRS, Inrae, Université des Antilles, Université de la Guyane), Campus Agronomique, Kourou, French Guiana
DeVries, Ben;  Department of Geography, Environment and Geomatics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
Diisi, John;  National Forest Authority, Kampala, Uganda
Do, Tran Van ;  Department of Silviculture Foundation, Silviculture Research Institute, Vietnamese Academy of Forest Sciences, Hanoi, Vietnam
Dolezal, Jiri ;  Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Trebon, Czech Republic ; Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Bohemia, Czech Republic
Dourdain, Aurélie;  Cirad, UMR EcoFoG (AgroParistech, CNRS, Inrae, Université des Antilles, Université de la Guyane), Campus Agronomique, Kourou, French Guiana
Durrheim, Graham P;  Scientific Services, South African National Parks, Knysna, South Africa
Obiang, Nestor Laurier Engone;  IPHAMETRA, IRET, CENAREST, Libreville, Gabon
Ewango, Corneille E N;  Faculté de Gestion de Ressources Naturelles Renouvelables, Université de Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo
Eyre, Teresa J;  Queensland Herbarium, Department of Environment and Science, Toowong, Queensland, Australia
Fayle, Tom M;  Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Entomology, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic ; School of Biological and Behavioural Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
Feunang, Lethicia Flavine N;  Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Finér, Leena;  Natural Resources Institute Finland, Joensuu, Finland
Fischer, Markus ;  Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Fridman, Jonas;  Department of Forest Resource Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umea, Sweden
Frizzera, Lorenzo;  Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach, San Michele all'Adige, Italy
de Gasper, André L ;  Herbário Dr. Roberto Miguel Klein, Universidade Regional de Blumenau, Blumenau, Brazil
Gianelle, Damiano ;  Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach, San Michele all'Adige, Italy
Glick, Henry B;  Glick Designs, LLC, Hadley, MA, USA
Gonzalez-Elizondo, Maria Socorro ;  CIIDIR Durango, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Durango, Mexico
Gorenstein, Lev;  Rosen Center for Advanced Computing (RCAC), Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Habonayo, Richard;  Département des Sciences et Technologies de l'Environnement, Université du Burundi, Bujumbura, Burundi
Hardy, Olivier J;  Faculté des Sciences, Evolutionary Biology and Ecology Unit, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
Harris, David J ;  Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
Hector, Andrew ;  Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Hemp, Andreas ;  Department of Plant Systematics, Bayreuth University, Bayreuth, Germany
Herold, Martin ;  Helmholtz GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Section 1.4 Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics, Potsdam, Germany
Hillers, Annika;  Wild Chimpanzee Foundation, Liberia Representation, Monrovia, Liberia ; Centre for Conservation Science, The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Sandy, UK
Hubau, Wannes ;  Service of Wood Biology, Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren, Belgium ; Department of Environment, Laboratory for Wood Technology (UGent-Woodlab), Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Ibanez, Thomas;  AMAP, University of Montpellier, CIRAD, CNRS, INRAE, IRD, Montpellier, France
Imai, Nobuo;  Department of Forest Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo, Japan
Imani, Gerard ;  Biology Department, Université Officielle de Bukavu, Bukavu, Democratic Republic of Congo
Jagodzinski, Andrzej M ;  Institute of Dendrology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kórnik, Poland ; Poznan University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Department of Game Management and Forest Protection, Poznan, Poland
Janecek, Stepan;  Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
Johannsen, Vivian Kvist ;  Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Joly, Carlos A ;  Plant Biology Department, Biology Institute, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil
Jumbam, Blaise;  Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA ; Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), Nkolbisson, Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation, Yaounde, Cameroon
Kabelong, Banoho L P R ;  Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Kahsay, Goytom Abraha ;  Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Karminov, Viktor ;  Forestry Faculty, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Mytischi, Russia
Kartawinata, Kuswata;  Integrative Research Center, The Field Museum, Chicago, IL, USA
Kassi, Justin N;  Labo Botanique, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Kearsley, Elizabeth;  Computational and Applied Vegetation Ecology Lab, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Kennard, Deborah K ;  Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, Colorado Mesa University, Grand Junction, CO, USA
Kepfer-Rojas, Sebastian;  Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Khan, Mohammed Latif ;  Department of Botany, Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidalaya (A Central University), Sagar, India
Kigomo, John N;  Kenya Forestry Research Institute, Department of Forest Resource Assessment, Nairobi, Kenya
Kim, Hyun Seok;  Department of Forest Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea ; Interdisciplinary Program in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea ; National Center for Agro Meteorology, Seoul, Republic of Korea ; Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Klauberg, Carine;  School of Forest, Fisheries, and Geomatics Sciences, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
Klomberg, Yannick ;  Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
Korjus, Henn ;  Institute of Forestry and Engineering, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia
Kothandaraman, Subashree ;  Department of Botany, Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Madhya Pradesh, India ; Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India
Kraxner, Florian ;  International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria
Kumar, Amit ;  Department of Geoinformatics, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi, India
Kuswandi, Relawan;  Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan, Manokwari, Indonesia
Lang, Mait;  Institute of Forestry and Engineering, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia ; Tartu Observatory, University of Tartu, Tõravere, Estonia
Lawes, Michael J ;  School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
Leite, Rodrigo V;  Department of Forest Engineering, Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, Brazil
Lentner, Geoffrey;  Rosen Center for Advanced Computing (RCAC), Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Lewis, Simon L ;  School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK ; Department of Geography, University College London, London, UK
Libalah, Moses B;  Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon ; Plant Systematics and Ecology Laboratory (LaBosystE), Higher Teacher's Training College, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Lisingo, Janvier;  Laboratoire d'Écologie et Aménagement Forestier, Département d'Ecologie et de Gestion des Ressources Végétales, Université de Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo
López-Serrano, Pablito Marcelo;  Instituto de Silvicultura e Industria de la Madera, Universidad Juarez del Estado de Durango, Durango, Mexico
Lu, Huicui;  Faculty of Forestry, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao, China
Lukina, Natalia V;  Center for Forest Ecology and Productivity RAS (CEPF RAS), Moscow, Russia
Lykke, Anne Mette;  Department of Ecoscience, Aarhus University, Silkeborg, Denmark
Maicher, Vincent;  Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic ; Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Entomology, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic ; Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Maitner, Brian S ;  Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
Marcon, Eric ;  Cirad, UMR EcoFoG (AgroParistech, CNRS, Inrae, Université des Antilles, Université de la Guyane), Campus Agronomique, Kourou, French Guiana ; AgroParisTech, UMR AMAP, University of Montpellier, CIRAD, CNRS, INRAE, IRD, Montpellier, France
Marshall, Andrew R;  University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, Queensland, Australia ; University of York, York, UK ; Flamingo Land Ltd., North Yorkshire, UK
Martin, Emanuel H;  Department of Wildlife Management, College of African Wildlife Management, Mweka, Tanzania
Martynenko, Olga ;  Forestry Faculty, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Mytischi, Russia
Mbayu, Faustin M;  Faculté de Gestion de Ressources Naturelles Renouvelables, Université de Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo
Mbuvi, Musingo T E;  Kenya Forestry Research Institute, Headquarters, Nairobi, Kenya
Meave, Jorge A ;  Departamento de Ecología y Recursos Naturales, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico
Merow, Cory;  Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
Miscicki, Stanislaw;  Department of Forest Management and Forest Economics, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
Moreno, Vanessa S;  Department of Forestry Sciences, 'Luiz de Queiroz' College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, Brazil
Morera, Albert ;  Joint Research Unit CTFC-Agrotecnio-CERCA, Solsona, Spain
Mukul, Sharif A;  Tropical Forests and People Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC, Queensland, Australia
Müller, Jörg C ;  Fieldstation Fabrikschleichach, Julius-Maximilians University Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany ; Bavarian Forest Nationalpark, Grafenau, Germany
Murdjoko, Agustinus ;  Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Papua, Jalan Gunung Salju Amban, Manokwari Papua Barat, Indonesia
Nava-Miranda, Maria Guadalupe;  Instituto de Silvicultura e Industria de la Madera, Universidad Juarez del Estado de Durango, Durango, Mexico
Ndive, Litonga Elias;  Limbe Botanic Garden, Limbe, Cameroon
Neldner, Victor J;  Queensland Herbarium, Department of Environment and Science, Toowong, Queensland, Australia
Nevenic, Radovan V;  Institute of Forestry, Belgrade, Serbia
Nforbelie, Louis N ;  Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Ngoh, Michael L;  Tropical Plant Exploration Group (TroPEG), Buea, Cameroon ; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
N'Guessan, Anny E;  UFR Biosciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Ngugi, Michael R ;  Queensland Herbarium, Department of Environment and Science, Toowong, Queensland, Australia
Ngute, Alain S K ;  Tropical Forests and People Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC, Queensland, Australia ; Applied Biology and Ecology Research Unit, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Njila, Emile Narcisse N;  Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Nyako, Melanie C;  Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Ochuodho, Thomas O;  Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
Oleksyn, Jacek ;  Institute of Dendrology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kórnik, Poland
Paquette, Alain ;  UQAM, Centre for Forest Research, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Parfenova, Elena I ;  V.N. Sukachev Forest Institute of FRC KSC SB RAS, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Park, Minjee;  Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Parren, Marc;  Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, Netherlands
Parthasarathy, Narayanaswamy;  Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India
Pfautsch, Sebastian;  Urban Management and Planning, School of Social Sciences, Western Sydney University, Penrith, New South Wales, Australia
Phillips, Oliver L ;  School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
Piedade, Maria T F ;  Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia-INPA, Grupo Ecologia. Monitoramento e Uso Sustentável de Áreas Úmidas MAUA, Manaus, Brazil
Piotto, Daniel ;  Centro de Formação em Ciências Agroflorestais, Universidade Federal do Sul da Bahia, Ilhéus, Brazil
Pollastrini, Martina;  Department of Agriculture, Food, Environment and Forestry, University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy
Poorter, Lourens ;  Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, Netherlands
Poulsen, John R;  Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Poulsen, Axel Dalberg;  Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
Pretzsch, Hans ;  Technical University of Munich, School of Life Sciences Weihenstephan, Chair of Forest Growth and Yield Science, Munich, Germany
Rodeghiero, Mirco ;  Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach, San Michele all'Adige, Italy ; Centro Agricoltura, Alimenti, Ambiente, University of Trento, San Michele all'Adige, Italy
Rolim, Samir G ;  Centro de Formação em Ciências Agroflorestais, Universidade Federal do Sul da Bahia, Ilhéus, Brazil
Rovero, Francesco;  Department of Biology, University of Florence, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy ; MUSE-Museo delle Scienze, Trento, Italy
Rutishauser, Ervan;  Infoflora c/o Botanical Garden of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
Sagheb-Talebi, Khosro;  Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands (RIFR), Tehran, Iran
Saikia, Purabi;  Department of Environmental Sciences, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi, India
Sainge, Moses Nsanyi ;  Tropical Plant Exploration Group (TroPEG), Buea, Cameroon ; Institute of International Education Scholar Rescue Fund (IIE-SRF), One World Trade Center, New York, NY, USA
Salas-Eljatib, Christian ;  Centro de Modelación y Monitoreo de Ecosistemas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Mayor, Santiago, Chile ; Vicerrectoría de Investigación y Postgrado, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile ; Departamento de Silvicultura y Conservación de la Naturaleza, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Salis, Antonello;  Forestry Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy
Schall, Peter ;  Silviculture and Forest Ecology of the Temperate Zones, University of Göttingen, Goettingen, Germany
Schepaschenko, Dmitry ;  International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria ; V.N. Sukachev Forest Institute of FRC KSC SB RAS, Krasnoyarsk, Russia ; Рeoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia
Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael ;  University of Freiburg, Faculty of Biology, Freiburg, Germany
Schmid, Bernhard ;  Institution with City, Department of Geography, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Schöngart, Jochen;  Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia-INPA, Grupo Ecologia. Monitoramento e Uso Sustentável de Áreas Úmidas MAUA, Manaus, Brazil
Šebeň, Vladimír;  National Forest Centre, Zvolen, Slovak Republic
Sellan, Giacomo;  Department of Natural Sciences, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK ; CNRS-UMR LEEISA, Campus Agronomique, Kourou, French Guiana
Selvi, Federico;  Department of Agriculture, Food, Environment and Forestry, University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy
Serra-Diaz, Josep M ;  Universite de Lorraine, AgroParisTech, INRA, Nancy, France
Sheil, Douglas ;  Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, Netherlands ; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Situ Gede, Bogor Barat, Indonesia
Shvidenko, Anatoly Z;  International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria
Sist, Plinio ;  Cirad, University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France
Souza, Alexandre F;  Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Departamento de Ecologia, Natal, Brazil
Stereńczak, Krzysztof J;  Department of Geomatics, Forest Research Institute, Sekocin Stary, Raszyn, Poland
Sullivan, Martin J P ;  Department of Natural Sciences, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK
Sundarapandian, Somaiah;  Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India
Svoboda, Miroslav ;  Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Praha-Suchdol, Czech Republic
Swaine, Mike D;  School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
Targhetta, Natalia;  Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia-INPA, Grupo Ecologia. Monitoramento e Uso Sustentável de Áreas Úmidas MAUA, Manaus, Brazil
Tchebakova, Nadja ;  V.N. Sukachev Forest Institute of FRC KSC SB RAS, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Trethowan, Liam A;  Herbarium Kew, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, London, UK
Tropek, Robert ;  Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic ; Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Entomology, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
Mukendi, John Tshibamba;  Faculté des Sciences Appliquées, Université de Mbujimayi, Mbujimayi, Democratic Republic of Congo
Umunay, Peter Mbanda ;  Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT, USA
Usoltsev, Vladimir A;  Ural State Forest Engineering University, Botanical Garden, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russia
Vaglio Laurin, Gaia;  DIBAF Department, Tuscia University, Viterbo, Italy
Valentini, Riccardo ;  DIBAF Department, Tuscia University, Viterbo, Italy
Valladares, Fernando;  LINCGlobal, MNCN, CSIC, Madrid, Spain
van der Plas, Fons;  Plant Ecology and Nature Conservation Group, Wageningen University, AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Vega-Nieva, Daniel José;  Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Durango, Mexico
Verbeeck, Hans ;  Computational and Applied Vegetation Ecology Lab, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Viana, Helder;  Agricultural High School, ESAV, Polytechnic Institute of Viseu, IPV, Viseu, Portugal ; Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences, CITAB, UTAD, Quinta de Prados, Vila Real, Portugal
Vibrans, Alexander C ;  Department of Forest Engineering, Universidade Regional de Blumenau, Blumenau, Brazil
Vieira, Simone A;  Nucleo de Estudos e Pesquisas Ambientais, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas (UNICAMP), SP, Campinas, Brazil
Vleminckx, Jason ;  International Center for Tropical Botany, Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Waite, Catherine E;  Forest Research Institute, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, Queensland, Australia
Wang, Hua-Feng;  Sanya Nanfan Research Institute, Hainan Yazhou Bay Seed Laboratory, Hainan University, Sanya, China
Wasingya, Eric Katembo;  Faculté de Gestion de Ressources Naturelles Renouvelables, Université de Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo
Wekesa, Chemuku ;  Kenya Forestry Research Institute, Taita Taveta Research Centre, Wundanyi, Kenya
Westerlund, Bertil;  Department of Forest Resource Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umea, Sweden
Wittmann, Florian;  Department of Wetland Ecology, Institute for Geography and Geoecology, Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Rastatt, Germany
Wortel, Verginia;  Department of Forest Management, Centre for Agricultural Research in Suriname, Paramaribo, Suriname
Zawiła-Niedźwiecki, Tomasz;  Polish State Forests-Coordination Centre for Environmental Projects, Warsaw, Poland
Zhang, Chunyu;  Research Center of Forest Management Engineering of State Forestry and Grassland Administration, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China
Zhao, Xiuhai;  Research Center of Forest Management Engineering of State Forestry and Grassland Administration, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China
Zhu, Jun;  Department of Statistics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA
Zhu, Xiao;  Rosen Center for Advanced Computing (RCAC), Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Zhu, Zhi-Xin;  Sanya Nanfan Research Institute, Hainan Yazhou Bay Seed Laboratory, Hainan University, Sanya, China
Zo-Bi, Irie C ;  Institut National Polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny, DFR Eaux, Forêts et Environnement, BP, Yamoussoukro, Ivory Coast
Hui, Cang ;  Centre for Invasion Biology, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Matieland, South Africa. chui@sun.ac.za ; African Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Muizenberg, South Africa. chui@sun.ac.za
More authors (239 more) Less
Language :
English
Title :
Co-limitation towards lower latitudes shapes global forest diversity gradients.
Publication date :
08 August 2022
Journal title :
Nature Ecology and Evolution
eISSN :
2397-334X
Publisher :
Springer Science and Business Media LLC, England
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration [US-DC] [US-DC]
USDA - United States Department of Agriculture [US-DC] [US-DC]
Available on ORBi :
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