Article (Scientific journals)
Global and regional myocardial function and outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation for aortic stenosis and preserved ejection fraction.
Reskovic Luksic, Vlatka; Postolache, Adriana; MARTINEZ, Christophe et al.
2020In Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine, 21 (3), p. 238-245
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Keywords :
Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aortic Valve/diagnostic imaging/physiopathology/surgery; Aortic Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging/physiopathology/surgery; Echocardiography, Doppler, Pulsed; Female; Heart Valve Prosthesis; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Myocardial Contraction; Prosthesis Design; Recovery of Function; Retrospective Studies; Severity of Illness Index; Stroke Volume; Time Factors; Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects/instrumentation; Treatment Outcome; Ventricular Function, Left; Ventricular Remodeling
Abstract :
[en] AIM: To investigate the effects of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) on early recovery of global and segmental myocardial function in patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and to determine if parameters of deformation correlate with outcomes. METHODS: The echocardiographic (strain analysis) and outcome (hospitalizations because of heart failure and mortality) data of 62 consecutive patients with preserved LVEF (64.54 ± 7.97%) who underwent CoreValve prosthesis implantation were examined. RESULTS: Early after TAVI (5 ± 3.9 days), no significant changes in LVEF or diastolic function were found, while a significant drop of systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) occurred (42.3 ± 14.9 vs. 38.1 ± 13.9 mmHg, P = 0.028). After TAVI global longitudinal strain (GLS) did not change significantly, whereas significant improvement in global mid-level left ventricular (LV) radial strain (GRS) was found (-16.71 ± 2.42 vs. -17.32 ± 3.25%; P = 0.33; 16.57 ± 6.6 vs. 19.48 ± 5.97%, P = 0.018, respectively). Early significant recovery of longitudinal strain was found in basal lateral and anteroseptal segments (P = 0.038 and 0.048). Regional radial strain at the level of papillary muscles [P = 0.038 mid-lateral, P < 0.001 mid-anteroseptum (RSAS)] also improved. There was a significant LV mass index reduction in the late follow-up (152.42 ± 53.21 vs. 136.24 ± 56.67 g/m, P = 0.04). Mean follow-up period was 3.5 ± 1.9 years. Parameters associated with worse outcomes in univariable analysis were RSAS pre-TAVI, LV end-diastolic diameter after TAVI, relative wall thickness, and mitral E and E/A after TAVI. CONCLUSION: Global and regional indices of myocardial function improved early after TAVI, suggesting the potential of myocardium to recover with a reduced risk for clinical deterioration.
Disciplines :
Cardiovascular & respiratory systems
Author, co-author :
Reskovic Luksic, Vlatka;  Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Zagreb School of Medicine
Postolache, Adriana ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de cardiologie
MARTINEZ, Christophe ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de cardiologie
Dulgheru, Raluca;  University of Liège Hospital, GIGA Cardiovascular Sciences, Department of
Ilardi, Federica;  University of Liège Hospital, GIGA Cardiovascular Sciences, Department of
Tridetti, Julien;  University of Liège Hospital, GIGA Cardiovascular Sciences, Department of
Nguyen, Mai-Linh;  University of Liège Hospital, GIGA Cardiovascular Sciences, Department of
PIETTE, Caroline ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de cardiologie
Pasalic, Marijan;  Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Zagreb School of Medicine
Bulum, Josko;  Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Zagreb School of Medicine
Separovic Hanzevacki, Jadranka;  Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Zagreb School of Medicine
LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service de cardiologie ; Gruppo Villa Maria Care and Research, Anthea Hospital, Bari, Italy.
Language :
English
Title :
Global and regional myocardial function and outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation for aortic stenosis and preserved ejection fraction.
Publication date :
March 2020
Journal title :
Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
ISSN :
1558-2027
eISSN :
1558-2035
Volume :
21
Issue :
3
Pages :
238-245
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 25 June 2022

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