Available on ORBi since
22 September 2021
Article (Scientific journals)
Cost and Environmental Impacts of a Mixed Fleet of Vehicles
Fraselle, Justin  ; Limbourg, Sabine  ; Vidal, Laura 
2021 • In Sustainability, 13 (9413)
Peer reviewed


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Keywords :
life cycle assessment; city logistics; electric cargo-bike; sustainable logistics; mixed fleet
Abstract :
[en] Urban parcel delivery is increasingly restricted by regulations limiting access to certain heavy or high emitting vehicles to reduce emissions and noise pollution in cities. Cargo bikes represent an alternative solution that enables deliveries with low environmental impact, but they may represent a higher economic cost and come with constraints like battery autonomy or small loading capacity. As a transport scheme relying on bikes for the last miles with fewer externalities, it is regarded as an environmentally friendly choice, and economic sustainability is assessed. This paper aims to present the environmental and economic aspects of different delivery means of transport in European urban areas. Life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology is selected to analyse the environmental impact of several vehicles, allowing us to quantify the emissions according to the loading factor. The electricity mix is an important parameter and makes the results vary according to the country studied. For the economic aspect, the cost price allows us to quantify the operational cost of each means of transport. A trade-off can thus be made between the two.
Disciplines :
Quantitative methods in economics & management
Author, co-author :
Fraselle, Justin ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Department of Chemical Engineering > PEPs - Products, Environment, and Processes
Limbourg, Sabine  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > HEC Liège : UER > UER Opérations : Logistique
Vidal, Laura ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > HEC Liège : UER > UER Opérations : Logistique
Language :
Title :
Cost and Environmental Impacts of a Mixed Fleet of Vehicles
Publication date :
22 August 2021
Journal title :
Volume :
Issue :
Peer reviewed :
Peer reviewed
Name of the research project :
City Line
Funders :
Région wallonne


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