Article (Scientific journals)
The paradox around the social Representations of Compressed Earth Block Building Material in Burkina Faso: the Material for the Poor or the luxury Material?
Zoungrana, Ousmane; Bologo / Traoré, Maïmouna; Messan, Adamah et al.
2021In Open Journal of Social Sciences
Peer reviewed
 

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Keywords :
Autochthony; Burkina Faso; Compressed Earth Bock; Public Policy; Social Representation
Abstract :
[en] Compressed earth brick (CEB) is a masonry material which has the thermal properties that are better adapted to the hot and dry climate of tropical and Sahelian context like in Burkina Faso. Despite these advantages, CEB are still not largely used in the construction sector in the city of Ouagadougou. In order to better understand the obstacles linked to this low diffusion of CEB, the present empirical study proposes a deep analysis of the social representations of construction using CEB in the urban place. The results show that four main categories of social representations coexist in the construction sector using CEB: 1) the perception of CEB as the “material for the poor”, 2) the perception of CEB as “improved or precarious adobe” inherited from successive public policies to rehabilitate the material, 3) the symbolic perceptions linked to the red color of the brick and the durability of the material, and 4) the contemporary post-materialist perception (luxury materials), according to a minority of wealthy elites who have built their houses using CEB. These social representations are essential to take into consideration for the implementation of new public housing policies in general and promotion for the usage of CEB in particular. This could accompany the studies which aim at improving the technical performances of CEB and lead towards the socio-economic acceptance of the materials.
Disciplines :
Anthropology
Author, co-author :
Zoungrana, Ousmane ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > IRSS
Bologo / Traoré, Maïmouna
Messan, Adamah
Nshimiyimana, Philbert  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > UEE
Pirotte, Gautier  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences sociales > Socio-anthropologie du développement
Language :
English
Title :
The paradox around the social Representations of Compressed Earth Block Building Material in Burkina Faso: the Material for the Poor or the luxury Material?
Alternative titles :
[en] The paradox around the social Representations of Compressed Earth Block Building Material in Burkina Faso: the Material for the Poor or the luxury Material?
Publication date :
14 January 2021
Journal title :
Open Journal of Social Sciences
ISSN :
2327-5952
eISSN :
2327-5960
Publisher :
Scientific Research Publishing, Irvine, United States - California
Peer reviewed :
Peer reviewed
Name of the research project :
Amélioration de la qualité de l’habitat en terre crue au Burkina Faso
Available on ORBi :
since 02 February 2021

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