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Poster (Scientific congresses and symposiums)
A Heartbeat Away From Consciousness: Heart Rate Entropy Can Assess Consciousness
Larroque, Stephen Karl; Riganello, Francesco; Bahri, Mohamed Ali et al.
2019Predictive Processing, Consciousness, and Self
Peer reviewed


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Keywords :
heart rate variability; entropy; fmri; consciousness; connectivity; magnetic resonance imagery; autonomic system; disorders of consicousness (DOC)
Abstract :
[en] Motivation: Disorders of consciousness are challenging to diagnose, with inconsistent behavioral responses, motor and cognitive disabilities, leading to approximately 40% misdiagnoses[1]. Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects the heart-brain two-way dynamic interactions[2-5]. HRV entropy analysis quantifies the unpredictability and complexity of the heart rate beats intervals and over multiple time scales using multiscale entropy (MSE)[6-8]. The complexity index (CI) provides a score of a system’s complexity by aggregating the MSE measures over a range of time scales[8]. Most HRV entropy studies have focused on acute traumatic patients using task-based designs[9]. We here investigate the CI and its discriminative power in chronic patients with unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) and minimally conscious state (MCS) at rest, and its relation to brain functional connectivity. Methods: We investigated the CI in short (CIs) and long (CIl) time scales in 14 UWS and 16 MCS sedated. CI for MCS and UWS groups were compared using a Mann-Whitney exact test. Spearman’s correlation tests were conducted between the Coma Recovery Scale-revised (CRS-R) and both CI. Discriminative power of both CI was assessed with One-R machine learning model. Correlation between CI and brain connectivity (detected with functional magnetic resonance imagery using seed-based and hypothesis-free intrinsic connectivity) was investigated using a linear regression in a subgroup of 10 UWS and 11 MCS patients with sufficient image quality. Results and Discussion: Higher CIs and CIl measures were observed in MCS compared to UWS. Positive correlations were found between CRS-R and both CI. The One-R classifier selected CIl as the best discriminator between UWS and MCS with 90% accuracy, 7% false positive and 13% false negative rates after a 10-fold cross-validation test. Positive correlations were observed between both CI and the recovery of functional connectivity of brain areas belonging to the central autonomic networks (CAN). The CI has a high discriminative power for the level of consciousness between MCS and UWS, with low false negative rate at one third of the reported misdiagnosis rate of human assessors, providing an easy, inexpensive and non-invasive diagnosis tool. CI reflects functional connectivity changes in brain regions belonging to the CAN, suggesting that CI can provide an indirect way to screen and monitor connectivity changes in this neural system. Future studies should investigate further the extent of CI’s predictive power for other pathologies and prognostic power in acute patients.
Disciplines :
Author, co-author :
Larroque, Stephen Karl  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Riganello, Francesco ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Doct. sc. méd. (paysage)
Bahri, Mohamed Ali  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > CRC In vivo Imaging-Aging & Memory
Heine, Lizette 
Martial, Charlotte  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Carrière, Manon ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Charland-Verville, Vanessa ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Aubinet, Charlène  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
VANHAUDENHUYSE, Audrey  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > Département d'Anesthésie et réanimation > Centre interdisciplinaire d'algologie
Chatelle, Camille ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Laureys, Steven  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Di Perri, Carol ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Language :
Title :
A Heartbeat Away From Consciousness: Heart Rate Entropy Can Assess Consciousness
Publication date :
25 January 2019
Number of pages :
Event name :
Predictive Processing, Consciousness, and Self
Event organizer :
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Event place :
Bochum, Germany
Event date :
from 25th January to 26th January 2019
Audience :
Peer reviewed :
Peer reviewed
Funders :
F.R.S.-FNRS - Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique [BE]
CHU Liège - Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège [BE]
ULiège - Université de Liège [BE]
BELSPO - SPP Politique scientifique - Service Public Fédéral de Programmation Politique scientifique
FEDER - Fonds Européen de Développement Régional [BE]
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