Article (Scientific journals)
A systematic analysis of distressing near-death experience accounts
Cassol, Helena; Martial, Charlotte; Annen, Jitka et al.
2019In Memory, 27, p. 1122-1129
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Keywords :
Near-death experiences; distressing near-death experiences; Memory Characteristics Questionnaire; phenomenology
Abstract :
[en] Near-death experiences (NDEs) are usually associated with positive affect, however, a small proportion are considered distressing. We aimed to look into the proportion of distressing NDEs in a sample of NDE narratives, categorise distressing narratives according to Greyson and Bush’s classification (inverse, void or hellish), and compare distressing and “classical” NDEs. Participants wrote down their experience, completed the Memory Characteristics Questionnaire (assessing the phenomenology of memories) and the Greyson scale (characterising content of NDEs). The proportion of suicidal attempts, content and intensity of distressing and classical NDEs were compared using frequentist and Bayesian statistics. Distressing NDEs represent 14% of our sample (n = 123). We identified 8 inverse, 8 hellish and 1 void accounts. The proportion of suicide survivors is higher in distressing NDEs as compared to classical ones. Finally, memories of distressing NDEs appear as phenomenologically detailed as classical ones. Distressing NDEs deserve careful consideration to ensure their integration into experiencers’ identity.
Research center :
GIGA-Consciousness-Coma Science Group; CHU de Liège - Centre du Cerveau²
Disciplines :
Neurology
Author, co-author :
Cassol, Helena ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Martial, Charlotte  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Annen, Jitka  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Martens, Géraldine  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Charland-Verville, Vanessa ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Majerus, Steve  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Département de Psychologie
Laureys, Steven  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Consciousness-Coma Science Group
Language :
English
Title :
A systematic analysis of distressing near-death experience accounts
Publication date :
2019
Journal title :
Memory
ISSN :
0965-8211
eISSN :
1464-0686
Publisher :
Taylor and Francis, Hove, United Kingdom
Volume :
27
Pages :
1122-1129
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 21 July 2019

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