Reference : POst-peak trend of upper stratospheric hydrogen chloride derived from ground-based FT...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference/Abstract
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/237056
POst-peak trend of upper stratospheric hydrogen chloride derived from ground-based FTIR solar spectra and model simulations
English
Mahieu, Emmanuel mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Groupe infra-rouge de phys. atmosph. et solaire (GIRPAS) >]
Prignon, Maxime mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Groupe infra-rouge de phys. atmosph. et solaire (GIRPAS) >]
Servais, Christian [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Groupe infra-rouge de phys. atmosph. et solaire (GIRPAS) >]
Chabrillat, Simon []
Errera, Quentin []
Friedrich, Marina []
Smeekes, Stephan []
Froidevaux, Lucien []
Salawitch, Ross J. []
Wales, Pamela []
Notholt, Justus []
Chipperfield, Martyn P. []
12-Apr-2019
EGU2019-5857
No
International
European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2019
7-12 April 2019
European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Wien
Austria
[en] Montreal Protocol ; hydrogen chloride ; stratosphere ; FTIR remote sensing ; Jungfraujoch station ; NDACC network
[en] After several decades of sustained increase, hydrogen chloride (HCl, the main reservoir for stratospheric chlorine) showed a maximum abundance around 1997. Since then, its decrease has been documented, characterized by short-term variability which was attributed to atmospheric circulation changes, affecting mainly the lower stratosphere (Mahieu et al., 2014). This notably led to a temporary increase of HCl over 2007-2011, complicating the determination of the long-term HCl trend and the accurate verification of the success of the Montreal Protocol for the protection of the stratospheric ozone layer. Studies have used other long-lived tracers to remove the effects of dynamical variability in the lower stratosphere (e.g., Stolarski et al., 2018), while other investigations have suggested that trends in the upper stratosphere were potentially more appropriate for the long-term characterization of the HCl decrease (e.g., Froidevaux et al., 2015; Bernath and Fernando, 2018), especially when dealing with satellite height-resolved data.
In this contribution, we use FTIR (Fourier Transform InfraRed) data from the Jungfraujoch station (Swiss Alps, 3580 m a.s.l.), a site of the NDACC network (http://www.ndacc.org), to study the evolution of HCl in some detail. The SFIT-4 retrieval algorithm implementing the Optimal Estimation Method of Rodgers (2000) is employed, providing HCl columns with good sensitivity from the tropopause up to about 40 km altitude. Moreover, the vertical resolution is sufficient to determine independent partial columns for the lower and upper stratosphere.
With the support of model simulations performed with the 3D-Chemistry Transport Model of the Belgian Assimilation System for Chemical ObsErvations (BASCOE; Chabrillat et al., 2018), driven by the ERA-Interim meteorological reanalysis, we investigate the post-peak trend of HCl in the lower and upper stratosphere. We also determine the magnitude of the uncertainties affecting the various trends, using bootstrap tools which are specifically developed to take into account the auto-correlation present in our geophysical data sets.
Sphères - SPHERES
Fédération Wallonie Bruxelles. Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique - F.R.S.-FNRS
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/237056
https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2019/EGU2019-5857-3.pdf

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