Reference : The Role of Power-to-Gas and Carbon Capture Technologies in Cross-Sector Decarbonisat...
E-prints/Working papers : First made available on ORBi
Engineering, computing & technology : Energy
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/235110
The Role of Power-to-Gas and Carbon Capture Technologies in Cross-Sector Decarbonisation Strategies
English
Berger, Mathias mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Smart grids >]
Radu, David-Constantin mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Smart grids >]
Fonteneau, Raphaël mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) >]
Deschuyteneer, Thierry []
Detienne, Ghislain []
Ernst, Damien mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Smart grids >]
May-2019
Yes
[en] Power-to-gas ; gas storage ; integrated energy systems ; optimal system planning ; hydrogen integration ; carbon capture
[en] This paper proposes an optimisation-based framework to tackle long-term centralised planning problems of multi-sector, integrated energy systems including electricity, hydrogen, natural gas, synthetic methane and carbon dioxide. The model selects and sizes the set of power generation, energy conversion and storage as well as carbon capture technologies minimising the cost of supplying energy demand in the form of electricity, hydrogen, natural gas or synthetic methane across the power, heating, transportation and industry sectors whilst accounting for policy drivers, such as energy independence, carbon emissions reductions targets, or support schemes. The usefulness of the model is illustrated in a case study evaluating the potential of sector coupling via power-to-gas and carbon capture technologies to achieve deep decarbonisation targets in the Belgian context. Results, on the one hand, indicate that power-to-gas can only play a minor supporting role in cross-sector decarbonisation strategies in Belgium, as electrolysis plants are generally deployed in moderate quantities whilst methanation plants do not appear in any studied scenario. On the other hand, given the limited renewable potential, post-combustion and direct air carbon capture technologies clearly play an enabling role in any decarbonisation strategy.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/235110

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