Reference : A direct examination of the cognitive underpinnings of multitasking abilities: A firs...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/231375
A direct examination of the cognitive underpinnings of multitasking abilities: A first study examining schizophrenia
English
Laloyaux, Julien mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Département de Psychologie >]
Van der Linden, Martial mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Département de Psychologie >]
Nuechterlein, K. H. [Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology, University of California Los Angeles, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Los Angeles, United States]
Thonon, Bénédicte mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Psychologie clinique cognitive et comportementale >]
Laroi, Frank mailto [Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen, Jonas Lies vei 91, Bergen, Norway, NORMENT – Norwegian Center of Excellence for Mental Disorders Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, Psychology and Neuroscience of Cognition Research Unit, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium]
2018
Psychiatry Research
Elsevier Ireland Ltd
268
288-296
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0165-1781
1872-7123
[en] Ecological validity ; Executive function ; Multi-tasking ; Neurocognition ; Psychosis ; Real world functioning ; Article ; Modified Six Element Test ; Zoo map version 1
[en] Many real world activities are complex and require multitasking abilities. However, the nature of these abilities remains poorly understood, and in particular in schizophrenia. The aim of the present study was to provide a better understanding of such abilities with the help of a newly developed computerized tool, the Computerized Meeting Preparation Task (CMPT). Fifty-seven individuals with schizophrenia and 39 healthy controls completed the CMPT and an extensive cognitive battery. Patients were also evaluated with a series of clinical measures. During the CMPT, participants are asked to prepare a room for a meeting while, at the same time, dealing with interruptions, solving problems, and remembering prospective memory instructions. The CMPT was found to significantly differentiate patients and healthy controls for several variables. Results also showed that multitasking abilities were related to a large array of cognitive functions and, in particular, to those associated to executive functioning. These relations were not explained by the presence of a general cognitive impairment. Finally, a double dissociation between multitasking abilities and performance on standard cognitive tests was observed. Altogether, these results underline the importance of evaluating multitasking abilities in schizophrenia as it allows detecting cognitive difficulties that cannot be identified by standard cognitive tests. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/231375
10.1016/j.psychres.2018.06.060

File(s) associated to this reference

Fulltext file(s):

FileCommentaryVersionSizeAccess
Open access
Laloyaux_Direct_2018-PPA.pdfAuthor postprint595.86 kBView/Open

Bookmark and Share SFX Query

All documents in ORBi are protected by a user license.