Reference : Agrarian and land reforms in Rwanda: Situation and perspectives
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Agriculture & agronomy
Agrarian and land reforms in Rwanda: Situation and perspectives
Mizero, Mireille mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Doct. sc. agro. & ingé. biol. (Paysage)]
KARANGWA, ANTOINE mailto [University of Rwanda,School of Agriculture and Food Sciences > Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Economics > > >]
Burny, Philippe mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Modélisation et développement >]
Michel, Baudouin mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Modélisation et développement >]
Lebailly, Philippe mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Modélisation et développement >]
Agris On-line Papers in Economics and Informatics
Faculty of Economics and Management CULS Prague
Yes (verified by ORBi)
Czech Republic
[en] Land access ; agrarian perspectives ; land reforms ; foreignization ; Rwanda
[en] Rwanda is a landlocked country of Eastern Africa with 26,338 km2. The total arable land in Rwanda is
more or less than 1.8 million ha and Rwanda has the highest population density in Africa. A series of policy
reforms and agrarian strategic plan have been elaborated to transform the economy now oriented towards
subsistence agriculture into a knowledge-based service and market-oriented economy. The research question
is who has the right to land ownership for its rational use? The purpose of this article is to contribute
to land sharing prospects between agricultural operators and investors in Rwanda for the optimisation of land
access in the rural areas. This work is the result of deep literature review related to the situation of land issue
prevailing from pre-colonial period to the recent 2004 land policy reforms in Rwanda. Crucial challenges
before the beginning of the effective agrarian evolution are widely discussed. Agrarian perspectives show
that the foreignization of agrarian reforms put Rwandan peasants in uncomfortable position. The changes
in land use and tenure in Rwanda have been stimulated by both outside influence and inside adversary
forces. The real land reform policy consists in specialization and exploitation of large-scale farms subsequent
to land consolidation of small plots registered by individuals whose property certificates are preserved.
Meanwhile, the required registration of land holdings does not entitle the land to definitive appropriation
but it only provides the rights of use if rational exploitation is guaranteed. Such a rational system may
result in expropriation for the inefficient producers.This article emphasize that in the case of Rwanda were
population growth rate is high, the redistribution of land has its limits. The land consolidation should not
be a rule either. Any agrarian reform must find a point of balance. This equilibrium consists in reducing
the pressure on the property assets and promoting rural entrepreneurship. Agriculture program may improve
and diversify the mode of land access and improved input acquisition to feed a growing population whereas
non-agriculture population is gradually increasing. It has been found that farmers operating in co-operatives
are more secure and have advantage for land access than individual farmers.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public ; Others

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