Reference : Does negative information about aging influence older adults’ physical performance an...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/226417
Does negative information about aging influence older adults’ physical performance and subjective age?
English
Marquet, Manon mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Psychologie de la sénescence et du vieillissement >]
Boutaayamou, Mohamed mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Exploitation des signaux et images >]
Schwartz, Cédric mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la motricité > Kinésithérapie générale et réadaptation >]
Locquet, Médéa mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Epidémiologie clinique >]
Bruyère, Olivier mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Santé publique, Epidémiologie et Economie de la santé >]
Croisier, Jean-Louis mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la motricité > Kinésithérapie générale et réadaptation >]
Adam, Stéphane mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Psychologie de la sénescence et du vieillissement >]
2018
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Elsevier
78
181-189
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0167-4943
Netherlands
[en] stereotype threat ; self-perceptions of aging ; balance ; walking ; subjective age
[en] his study investigated the way negative stereotypes influence older adults’ physical performance and how old they feel mentally and physically. Sixty-four older adults aged 65 years and older performed different physical tasks using a 3D optoelectronic system under a low or high stereotype threat condition. Self-perceptions of aging were considered as a moderator of the effects of threat. Overall, the effects of threat on physical performance were mostly not significant across tasks. However, threat condition influenced older adults' mental subjective age after they had performed the physical tests; people in the high-threat condition felt closer to their chronological age. Threat also influenced participants' physical subjective age, and this effect was moderated by self-perceptions of aging. More precisely, participants in the high-threat condition felt 7% physically older than their chronological age when they had more negative self-perceptions, while participants in the low-threat condition felt 13% younger. No differences emerged for participants who had more positive self-perceptions. The present findings suggest that performing physical tests under stereotype threat might worsen older people’s subjective experience of their own aging by making them feel older.
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS
Researchers ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/226417
10.1016/j.archger.2018.06.013

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